Diagnosis of Pleural & Lung Diseases using Sonography
Sonography has been proved to be valuable for the evaluation of a wide variety of chest diseases, particularly when the pleural cavity is involved. The advantages of Sonography are that it is a relatively inexpensive, widely available, mobile form of multi-planar imaging free from ionizing. The 30 patients who had visited the Out-Patient Department (OPD) and in-patient department (IPD) of a hospital in North India were considered in the study. All patients were undergone radiologically then as per the requirements the skiagram were taken. Various biochemical and histopathological tests were done wherever required. After this, the patients were examined by ultrasound and areas to be examined were selected on the basis of information available from skiagrams. The data from the Radiography and the sonography showed that the Radiological results are better than detected in the Sonography.
Sonography has been proved to be valuable for the evaluation of a wide variety of chest diseases, particularly when the pleural cavity is involved. The advantages of Sonography are that it is a relatively inexpensive, widely available, mobile form of multi-planar imaging free from ionizing. Sonography can be used to explore the surfaces of the lungs through the intercostal spaces, but the presence of the ribs and of air in the expanded lung reduces the value of this imaging modality in the examination of deeper thoracic structures. Nevertheless, US is considered a reliable, inexpensive, safe, and reproducible diagnostic method for the work-up of patients with diseases of the diaphragm (neoplasms, paresis), thoracic wall (abscesses, fistulas, neoplasms), lung (atelectasis, pulmonary consolidation), anterosuperior mediastinum (neoplasms, lymphoma, cysts), the region between the thorax and the abdomen, and above all, the pleurae (extrapleural masses, pleural effusions).
Ultrasonic examination is simple and can be performed at bed side. The results of examination are known immediately to the examiner and they are easy to interpret. Like radiology, the ultrasonic examination is a non-invasive technique, more comfortable for a sick patient . It is generally accepted that the ultrasonic intensity used for diagnostic purpose is entirely harmless to the patient.
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Annie Grace Sarah