Recent News: Trend of internet connectivity in Nigeria marketing implications for online shopping adoption

Image Internet has improved live and activities of human being in the society. Bringing digital changes to the way domestic and business activities are done with a special reference to shopping. This transformation from traditional shopping to online shopping in Nigeria is driven by the prevalence of internet connectivity in Nigeria. Nigeria has witnessed an improved growth in the usage rate of internet since the Nigeria communication commission launched GSM in 1999. In Nigeria, internet usage is driven more by the Smartphone and private laptops. Shopping in Nigeria is now advanced in line with the availability of internet. This has impacted... Read More

Recent News: Relationship between working capital management and firm financial performance: Empirical evidence from Amman stock exchange listed companies.

Image Manufacturing firms? performance is predisposed majorly to the strength of working capital management. Working capital management provides the strategy to improve financial strength and growth of firms. Considering the contribution of working capital to Jordan?s economy; this study examined the effect of working capital management on financial performance. Cross sectional and time series data of 46 listed manufacturing firms on Amman Stock Exchange for a period of 2010 to 2014 were assessed. This article conducted an empirical investigation using descriptive and regression analyses to evaluate the effect of working capital management on firms? financial performance. Multiple regression analysis was performed... Read More

Mechanism of action, Pharmacological uses and Side effects of Bevacizumab

Image Bevacizumab, sold under the brand name Avastin, is a medication used to treat a number of types of cancers and a specific eye disease. For cancer it is given by slow injection into a vein and used for colon cancer, lung cancer, glioblastoma, and renal-cell carcinoma. For age-related macular degeneration it is given by injection into the eye. Pharmacological uses Colorectal cancer Lung cancer Breast cancer Renal cancers Brain cancers Eye disease Ovarian cancer Side effects Bevacizumab inhibits the growth of blood vessels, which is part of the body's normal healing and maintenance. The body grows new blood vessels in wound healing, and as collateral circulation around blocked or atherosclerotic blood vessels. One concern is that bevacizumab... Read More

Pulses: The Perfect Food

Image Pulses, which include chickpeas/garbanzo beans, dry peas and lentils, are increasingly being recognized for their role in promoting good health. Researchers have reported that regular consumption of pulses may reduce the risk of heart disease, diabetes and certain types of cancer. Pulses are a versatile, easy-to-prepare ingredient that can be used in entrees, salads, breads and desserts. Role of Pulses in a Healthful Diet Pulses are a type of legume (seeds that grow within pods). Pulses include chickpeas (also known as garbanzo beans), lentils and dry peas. Pulses provide ... Read More

Novel insights of Molecular Medicine

Image Molecular Oncology Molecular oncology refers to the chemistry of cancer and tumours at the molecular scale and their development and application on molecularly targeted therapies. Molecular Oncology studies especially the genetic alterations and their implications. Molecular Oncology focuses on new discoveries, approaches, as well as technical developments in basic, clinical and discovery-driven cancer research. It mainly focuses on advances in the understanding of disease processes leading to human tumour development. Molecular Oncology establishes novel concepts of clear clinical significance in diagnosis, prognosis and prevention strategies. DNA repair... Read More

Interferon-beta therapy

Image Interferon-beta is recognized as first line treatment in relapsing remitting multiple sclerosis. Overall it is considered a safe drug; however, over the years there has been some concern on its effect on the kidneys. Here we present a case of nephrotic syndrome in a young lady suffering from relapsing remitting multiple sclerosis who had been on Interferon-beta-1a therapy for 8 months. Kidney biopsy was consistent with minimal change disease. The clinical condition started to improve gradually upon cessation of the Interferon therapy and concomitant treatment with prednisolone. The patient attained full and sustained remission... Read More

Changes in properties of polyamide netting materials exposed to different environments

Image Changes in properties of polyamide netting materials exposed to different environments Quality of a material and its durability in different environmental condition are two major factors influence the selection of material for fishing gears. A knowledge on the loss of properties is very useful for taking preventive measure. Present study aimed to find the changes in the properties of polyamide monofilament yarns and multifilament twines exposed to three different environments for a period of 90 days. Significant reduction in both breaking strength (P<0.05) and weight (P<0.05) was recorded in the test samples exposed to soil, water &... Read More

From Genes to Species: Novel Insights from Metagenomics

Image The majority of microbes in many environments are considered “as yet uncultured” and were traditionally considered inaccessible for study through the microbiological gold-standard of pure culture. The emergence of metagenomic approaches has allowed researchers to access and study these microbes in a culture-independent manner through next generation sequencing and functional expression of metagenomic DNA in a heterologous host. Metagenomics has revealed an extraordinary degree of diversity and novelty, not only among microbial communities themselves, but also within the genomes of these microbes. Metagenomic analysis can involve sequence-based or functional approaches (or a combination of both). The continuous improvements to next-generation... Read More

Remote sensing of invasive species

Image Invasive species are increasingly recognized as key factors in the breakdown of ecosystem function, processes, and services, and loss of native biodiversity. The success of invasive species alters the dynamics of other species in the habitat leading to irreversible changes, ultimately with losses of native biodiversity that can impact the stability and resilience of the ecosystem, possibly by loss of functional traits associated with resource capture and decomposition. Invasive plant species are a global problem and the pace of biological invasions requires better early knowledge about the location of invaded communities, the invasive species responsible and the native composition of... Read More

Immunotherapy in breast cancer

Image Journal of Cancer Immunology and Therapy is an academic journal and aims to publish most complete and reliable source of information on the discoveries and current developments in the mode of original articles, review articles, case reports, short communications, etc. in all areas of the field and making them freely available through online without any restrictions or any other subscriptions to researchers worldwide. The journal selects the articles to be published with a single bind, peer review system, following the practices of good scholarly journals. It supports the open access policy of making scientific research accessible to one... Read More

Basic protective measures against the new coronavirus

Image The basic protective measure are: Wash your hands frequently Regularly and thoroughly clean your hands with an alcohol-based hand rub or wash them with soap and water. Why? Washing your hands with soap and water or using alcohol-based hand rub kills viruses that may be on your hands. Maintain social distancing Maintain at least 1 metre (3 feet) distance between yourself and anyone who is coughing or sneezing. Why? When someone coughs or sneezes they spray small liquid droplets from their nose or mouth which may contain virus. If you... Read More

Characterization of giant mottled eel (Anguilla marmorata) gastrointestinal tract that origin from Thua Thien Hue, Vietnam

Image Characterization of giant mottled eel (Anguilla marmorata) gastrointestinal tract that origin from Thua Thien Hue, Vietnam This study investigated the dietary component and morphology of the digestive tract of Anguilla marmorata during its yellow stages (non-migrants). A total of 127 samples, ranging in total length from 17-108 cm and weight from 10-3200 g were collected from Thua Thien Hue, Vietnam. The structure of the gastrointestinal tract indicated that Anguilla marmorata has the typical characters of carnivorous fish such as a wide mouth, small teeth in bands; free tongue; short esophagus, stomach, and intestines made up of folds.... Read More

One Step Ahead in protecting lives

Image Journal of Clinical Oncology and Cancer Research (Allied Academies) aims to disseminate knowledge and promote discussion through the publication of peer-reviewed, high quality research papers on all topics related to Oncology reiterates its commitment to promote systematic enquiry and explorations in various field: Bone cancer, Blood cancer, Brain cancer. As Editorial manager, it is my distinct honour and privilege to inform you that, it’s been one years we have started the Journal, now we are celebrating the 1st Anniversary. As Editor-In-Chief it is my great pleasure and honour to welcome you to the Journal of... Read More

Updates on Post-operative Delirium in Lumbar Degenerative Disease

Image Updates on Post-operative Delirium in Lumbar Degenerative Disease The study is a retrospective review of all patients who developed delirium following surgery for lumbar degenerative disease. Purpose: Delirium is an acute decline in cognitive function and attention and represents acute brain failure. Post-operative alterations in attention and consciousness in Spine patients is a pathway to significant morbidity. There is a marked paucity in the literature on delirium in Spine patients in our environment. This reflects tendency to miss the diagnosis and results in avoidable morbidity and mortality. We evaluate the risk factors for delirium in surgery for... Read More

The Effect of Radiopacifier in Portland Cement for Repairing Furcal Perforations

Image The Effect of Radiopacifier in Portland Cement for Repairing Furcal Perforations This study was designed to evaluater adiopacity, interface micrographs, and leakage mediated by zirconium oxide (ZO) placed into white Portland cement (PC) as a furcal perforation sealing material. Perforations were created in the floors of pulp chambers in 56 freshly human maxillary and mandibular molars and randomly divided into four experimental groups, each containing 12 teeth, and a negative control group containing 8 teeth. The experimental groups were prepared using 20% ZO plus PC, PC, ProRoot mineral trioxide aggregate (MTA), and 20% bismuth oxideplus PC. First, radiopacity was assessed... Read More

Coronavirus is especially threatening for people with heart disease

Image As the novel coronavirus spreads around the world, it primarily sickens people by affecting their lungs. But it is now becoming clear that the finishing blow for people who don’t survive might be to the heart. For the more than 120 million American adults living with heart disease, including many of my patients, these are understandably distressing times. The experience of intensive care doctors managing covid-19 points to a dangerous turn many patients take. While the syndrome initially develops slowly, in some vulnerable people it can accelerate quickly, causing respiratory arrest and requiring artificial breathing with mechanical... Read More

Importance of Biomedical Research

Image Author Name: Joel James Category Name: Medical Sciences Description: Importance of Biomedical Research Biomedical research claims high importance in understanding and accelerating the medical research and associated subjects. Considering the importance of human health and several emergency medical and clinical issues associated with it, prime attention towards biomedical research is of great significance. Thus, asserting the requirement of a common and enriched information sharing platform. Biomedical research is such unique platform to collect and disseminate state-of-the-art scientific understanding on biomedicine and related discipline. Scope The objective of the journal is to provide a scientific communication medium to discuss the utmost advancements in... Read More

Non-Coding RNAs

Image Non-Coding RNAs Non-coding RNAs are critical molecules that constitute a substantial amount of the transcriptome. We have witnessed an ever-increasing repository of non-coding RNAs (ncRNAs) in the last decade, especially with the large scale application of high throughput sequencing technologies. These ncRNAs include, but are not limited to, miRNAs, siRNAs, long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs), circular intronic RNAs (ciRNAs) and circular RNAs (circRNAs) originated from back-spliced exons. ncRNAs have been demonstrated to involved in all important biological processes and human diseases. However, our understanding of these ncRNAs are still at the initial stages, especially for newly found ncRNAs such as lncRNAs,... Read More

Zika Virus

Image Zika Virus Recent outbreaks of Zika virus infections in South and Central America have led to an urgent need for research on the biological mechanisms and consequences of Zika infections. The local transmission of Zika virus has been reported in more than 50 countries and the situation was declared as a public health emergency of international concern by the World Health Organization, especially due to the possible causal link between Zika virus infection during pregnancy and the occurrence of microcephaly and other congenital malformations. In this Research Topic, we encourage the submission of original research reports, methods articles, perspectives, reviews... Read More

What is antimicrobial resistance?

Image Antimicrobial resistance happens when microorganisms (such as bacteria, fungi, viruses, and parasites) change when they are exposed to antimicrobial drugs (such as antibiotics, antifungals, antivirals, antimalarials, and anthelmintics). Microorganisms that develop antimicrobial resistance are sometimes referred to as “superbugs”.  As a result, the medicines become ineffective and infections persist in the body, increasing the risk of spread to others.  Why is antimicrobial resistance a global concern?  New resistance mechanisms are emerging and spreading globally, threatening our ability to treat common infectious diseases, resulting in prolonged illness, disability, and death.  Without... Read More

Use of Microbes

Image Medically indispensable   Microorganisms have a bad reputation. People think they’re bad for our health. When they think of microorganisms, many people think first about fungal infections, cavities, and illnesses like flu, or worse: AIDS and Ebola. But the number of harmful types doesn’t even come close to the number of harmless ones, or the ones that actually support our health.   Thanks to microorganisms, we have antibiotics and vaccines, which have allowed us to make great progress. And once again, the medical world is on the brink of a revolution, accelerated by microorganisms. ... Read More

Recent News: Improving efficiency and reducing fraud in UAE's health insurance market.

Image The World health report 2010 estimated that about 20-40% of all health sector resources are wasted and highlighted health care leakages-waste, corruption and fraud-as the ninth leading source of inefficiency of health systems. The health care system of the United Arab Emirates (UAE) is currently ranked 9th out of 55 nations assessed by the Bloomberg’s health care efficiency index-the United States of America ranks 50th. However, if efficiency is defined conventionally based on costs to achieve specified outcomes, the UAE health system has efficiency shortcomings in relation to health care costs by its citizens for overseas medical treatment as well... Read More

Recent News: Emerging trends in executive compensation: Compensation benchmarking.

Image Compensation benchmarking is the phenomenon of benchmarking a firm’s executive pay to that of the peer firms. In recent times, the practice of compensation benchmarking has gained a lot of traction. As a result, researchers are increasingly addressing the dynamics of compensation benchmarking among the firms. Compensation benchmarking is the phenomenon of benchmarking a firm’s executive pay to that of the peer firms. In recent times, the practice of compensation benchmarking has gained a lot of traction. As a result, researchers are increasingly addressing the dynamics of compensation benchmarking among the firms. There are two competing potential theories to explain compensation benchmarking.... Read More

P-glycoprotein inhibitors such as quinidine potentially allows loperamide to cross the blood–brain barrier and produce central morphine-like effects

Image Our Journal of Pharmacology and Therapeutic Research encourages researchers and scientist with innervated ideas were encouraged by publishing your valuable manuscript as our journal was an open access journal has more citations by the global readers. Loperamide is an opioid-receptor agonist and acts on the μ-opioid receptors in the myenteric plexus of the large intestine. It works like morphine, decreasing the activity of the myenteric plexus, which decreases the tone of the longitudinal and circular smooth muscles of the intestinal wall. This increases the time material stays in the intestine, allowing more water to be absorbed from the fecal... Read More

Novel fact findings in corona virus

Image Novel fact findings in corona virus WHO is gathering the latest scientific findings and knowledge on coronavirus disease (COVID-19) and compiling it in a database. We update the database daily from searches of bibliographic databases, hand searches of the table of contents of relevant journals, and the addition of other relevant scientific articles that come to our attention. The entries in the database may not be exhaustive and new research will be added regularly. During the current scenario, it is important to create more awareness in his field and more researches are needed to educate the people. GUIDELINES FOR AUTHORS... Read More

Shaping Genes, Genomes, Populations and Species

Image Shaping Genes, Genomes, Populations and Species Plants have evolved an incredible diversity of strategies to optimize their sexual reproduction. The physical distance between plant male and female organs varies from hermaphroditism to biparental reproduction. The investment of resources in different sexes is also extremely diverse. For example, male gamete dispersal can be wholly aspecific, relying on the mass production of pollen to saturate the environment and maximize the chances to encounter the maximum of receptive females through wind dispersal. On the contrary, it can be explicitly mediated by a single pollinator or targeted to a single female receiver via pollen... Read More

Coronary artery bypass surgery

Image Coronary artery bypass surgery, also known as coronary artery bypass graft (CABG, pronounced "cabbage") surgery, and colloquially heart bypass or bypass surgery, is a surgical procedure to restore normal blood flow to an obstructed coronary artery. A normal coronary artery transports blood to and from the heart muscle itself, not through the main circulatory system. There are two main approaches. In one, the left internal thoracic artery, LITA (also called left internal mammary artery, LIMA) is diverted to the left anterior descending branch of the left coronary artery. In this method, the artery is "pedicled" which means... Read More

Journal of Food Nutrition and Health- Manuscript Invitation for Volume 4 Issue 1

Image Journal of Food Nutrition & Health is a peer-reviewed scientific journal that offers pioneering research exploring the association of food and nutrition in promoting healthy living. Journal of Food Nutrition & Health offers scholarly research articles meant to create awareness on the ill effects of malnutrition by underlining the impact of food safety and security. It emphasizes the role of comprehensive diet in building strong immune responses to prevent and fight health disorders. Aims and Scope The journal focuses on a wide spectrum of topics in the fields including; Food, Nutrition, Diet, Vitamins, Minerals, Salts, Fats, Proteins, Carbohydrates, water, Eggs,... Read More

Journal of Food Nutrition and Health- An Unique Submission System

Image Journal of Food Nutrition and Health focuses on a wide spectrum of topics in the fields including; Food, Nutrition, Diet, Vitamins, Minerals, Salts, Fats, Proteins, Carbohydrates, water, Eggs, Legumes, Sea Foods, Vegetables, Fruits, Eating Disorders, Healthy Weight Management, Food Safety, Meal Management, Exercise, Physical activity, Malnutrition, Micronutrients, Macronutrients, Nutrition Deficiency, Non-nutritives, Food adjuncts and Drugs. The Journal publishes high-quality original articles, reviews, editorials, and case reports addressing all aspects of food and nutrition. It delivers timely interpretations of key scientific developments in food and nutrition in promoting healthy living and related areas of study. Known personalities with expertise and published... Read More

Why We Need Biomedical Research

Image   Author Name: Joel James Category Name: Medical Sciences Description: Why We Need Biomedical Research Biomedical research is the broad area of science that looks for ways to prevent and treat diseases that cause illness and death in people and in animals. This general field of research includes many areas of both the life and physical sciences. Utilizing biotechnology techniques, biomedical researchers study biological processes and diseases with the ultimate goal of developing effective treatments and cures. Biomedical research is an evolutionary process requiring careful experimentation by many scientists, including biologists and chemists. Discovery of new medicines and therapies requires careful scientific... Read More

Journal of Cardiovascular Medicine and Therapeutics- An Unique Submission System

Image Journal of Cardiovascular Medicine and Therapeutics is committed to dispersing unique and top-level original research articles, letters, perspectives, opinions, commentaries, case reports, reviews, letter to editor, editorials, and short communications etc. in every aspect of cardiovascular medicine. Journal of Cardiovascular Medicine and Therapeutics is using online Review and Editorial Manager System for quality review process of allied academies. Editorial Manager System is an online submission and review system, where authors can submit manuscripts and track their progress. Reviewers can download manuscripts and submit their opinions. Editors can manage the whole submission/review/revise/publish process. Publishers can see the manuscripts which are in... Read More

Journal of Cardiovascular Medicine and Therapeutics- Manuscript Invitation for Volume 4 Issue 2

Image Journal of Cardiovascular Medicine and Therapeutics is committed to dispersing unique and top-level original research articles, letters, perspectives, opinions, commentaries, case reports, reviews, letter to editor, editorials, and short communications etc. in every aspect of cardiovascular medicine. The segment Cardiovascular Therapeutics is additionally concerned with the identification and validation of biomarkers to either help drug improvement, or permit a stratified medicine approach in patients. Biomarkers may identify with physiological measures,heredity qualities, or any of the developing advancements.   Journal of Cardiovascular Medicine and Therapeutics is a peer reviewed, scholarly journal that gives a gathering to the most developed research and... Read More

Differences in quality attributes of sand smelt (Atherina hepsetus) fish burger and finger during frozen storage

Image Differences in quality attributes of sand smelt (Atherina hepsetus) fish burger and finger during frozen storage The present investigation has been carried out with the objectives study the effect of frozen storage on quality attributes of fish burger and fingers were made from sand smelt (bassaria) (Atherina hepsetus) with substitution levels from soybean flour and minced potato. Sand smelt has found in Qarun Lake by unaccepted from consumers. The physicochemical and microbiological analysis was carried on raw products immediately after processing and during frozen storage.Total Volatile Basic Nitrogen (TVBN), Trimethylamine (TMA), Thiobarbituric Acid (TBA) and pH values of sand smelt... Read More

Impacts of Moringa oleifera leaves and Lannea barteri bark as growth promoting additives and survival rates in the diets of Clarias gariepinus fingerlings

Image Impacts of Moringa oleifera leaves and Lannea barteri bark as growth promoting additives and survival rates in the diets of Clarias gariepinus fingerlings Fish is a source of indispensable amino acids in the diet of human and animals because of its high quality proteins, Omega 3 fatty acids and other nutrients. Demand for fish products is increasing on daily basis while wild stock is rapidly decreasing due to over exploitation and abuse of fisheries rules and regulations . According to Villa-Cruz et al. sustaining fish supplies from captured fisheries will not meet growing demand for fish product... Read More

Cancer Epidemiology, Screening, Diagnosis & Prognosis

Image     The Epidemiology of Cancer is the investigation of the components influencing Cancer, an approach to finish up potential inclinations and causes. The investigation of Cancer Epidemiology rehearses Epidemiological Methods to find the reason for Cancer and to perceive and create upgraded medicines. This degree of concentrate must adapt to challenges of lead time predisposition and length time inclination. Lead time inclination is the hypothesis that essential conclusion may falsely expand the endurance measurements of a Cancer, without really improving the characteristic history of the illness. Length predisposition is the idea... Read More

Cervical Cancer

Image Cervical cancer happens when cells change in a woman’s cervix, which connects her uterus with her vagina. This cancer can affect the deeper tissues of her cervix and may spread to other parts of her body (metastasize), often the lungs, liver, bladder, vagina, and rectum. Most cases of cervical cancer are caused by infection with human papillomavirus (HPV), which is preventable with a vaccine.  Cervical cancer grows slowly, so there’s usually time to find and treat it before it causes serious problems. It kills fewer and fewer women each year, thanks to improved screening through Pap tests. Cervical Cancer Causes... Read More

Coding properties in invertebrate sensory systems

Image Invertebrates, as all other animals, rely on sensory input from their biotic and abiotic environment for survival and reproduction. Depending on the importance of a signal for a given species, accuracy of sensory coding might vary from pure detection up to precise coding of intensity, quality and temporal features of the signal. Investing energy in highly sophisticated sense organs and related central nervous processing areas can be of utmost importance in a complex environment and in animals using advanced communication systems. Peripheral and central sensory systems have therefore developed different anatomical and physiological features to optimally encode behaviourally relevant signals.... Read More

Sentience, Pain, and Anesthesia in Advanced Invertebrates

Image Cephalopod mollusks and decapod crustaceans are believed to the most developed and intelligent invertebrates and may be sentient animals. They are legally protected by a number of national and trans-national organizations, such as the European Union. In the proposed research topic we would start by attempting to define sentience/consciousness, probably in relation to what we understand in marine vertebrates, which may be very different from that in land-based forms. Given that many mollusks, including cephalopods, and crustaceans are model animals in neuroscience and species of interest for aquaculture, definitions and mechanisms of action of anesthetics and analgesics acquire an added... Read More

Investigation on Learning and Memory Enhancing activity of Essential Oil inAlbizia julibrissin Flowers in Experimental Mice

Image Investigation on Learning and Memory Enhancing activity of Essential Oil inAlbizia julibrissin Flowers in Experimental Mice Two doses (100 mg/kg and 200 mg/kg p.o) of the Albizia julibrissin essential oil (AJEO) were subjected for the evaluation of learning and memory enhancing activity against amnesia induced by scopolamine (0.4mg/kg, i.p) in young mice. Piracetam (400 mg/kg i.p) was served as standard in both the models. Biochemical parameter like Anticholinesterase activity was evaluated. Both the lower (100mg/kg) and higher dose (200mg/kg) of AJEO has shown dose dependent significant decrease in Transfer latency (TL) by EPM and decrease in AChE... Read More

Metabolism for teens

Image Metabolism is the chemical reactions in the body's cells that change food into energy. Our bodies need this energy to do everything from moving to thinking to growing. Specific proteins in the body control the chemical reactions of metabolism. Thousands of metabolic reactions happen at the same time — all regulated by the body — to keep our cells healthy and working. How Does Metabolism Work? After we eat food, the digestive system uses enzymes to: break proteins down into amino acids turn fats into fatty acids turn carbohydrates into simple sugars (for... Read More

Antidepressant and Skeletal Muscle Relaxant Activity of Methanolic Extracts of Basella alba. L

Image Antidepressant and Skeletal Muscle Relaxant Activity of Methanolic Extracts of Basella alba. L Depression is considered as affective mood disorder which is characterized by change in mood, lack of confidence, etc. Depression is the most prevelant disorder and the symptoms associated with depression changes the neurotransmitter levels in brain such as norepinephrine, serotonin and dopamine. Muscle relaxant is a term usually used to refer to skeletal muscle relaxants (drugs), which act on the central nervous system (CNS) to relax muscles. These drugs are often prescribed to reduce pain and soreness associated with sprains, strains, or other types... Read More

Diabetic Nephropathy

Image Diabetic nephropathy (diabetic kidney disease) is kidney damage that results from having diabetes. Having high blood glucose levels due to diabetes can damage the part of the kidneys that filters your blood. The damaged filter becomes ‘leaky’ and lets protein into your urine. Symptoms Diabetic nephropathy usually has no symptoms early on. You can’t tell that there is protein in your urine – it’s something that is detected with a urine test. It can take many years for the kidney damage to progress. Symptoms usually only appear when kidney damage has deteriorated significantly. Even then, the symptoms... Read More

Distribution of COVID-19 outbreak

Image Since 31 December 2019 and as of 28 March 2020, 5, 28, 025 cases of COVID-19 (in accordance with the applied case definitions and testing strategies in the affected countries) have been reported, including 23,672 deaths. The deaths have been reported from: Italy (8 165), Spain (4 089), China (3 298), Iran (2 234), France (1 696), United States (1 296), United Kingdom (578), Netherlands (434), Germany (253), Belgium (220), Switzerland (161), South Korea (139), Indonesia (78), Brazil (77), Turkey (75), Sweden (66), Portugal (60), Austria (52), Japan (46), Philippines (45), Denmark (41), Canada (39), Iraq (36), Ecuador (34), Greece (26), Malaysia (23), Algeria (21), Egypt... Read More

Journal of clinical oncology and cancer research invites for manuscript submission

Image Journal of Clinical Oncology and Cancer Research(Allied academies) has announced almost 50 percent discount on article processing charge. The Editorial Board of Journal of Clinical Oncology and Cancer Research is overwhelmed by the response and eagerness of the academic and research contributors to publish with the journal and take part in the year-long celebrations. During this year we look forward to taking some initiatives that would encourage and reward our prospective audience which include clinicians, research scientists, decision-makers and a range of professionals in the allied community. Journal of Clinical Oncology and Cancer Research (AACOCR) is... Read More

Mechanisms and New Targets for the Treatment of Chronic Pain

Image Acute pain has a physiological protective role in preventing tissue damage. However, pain can become chronic due to a multitude of pathophysiological states, such as: trauma, inflammation, neural injury, viral infection, cancer, autoimmune diseases and vascular and metabolic disorders. These pathological states can trigger alterations of the pain pathways that can lead to hypersensitivity, and in such circumstances, pain loses its protective role and instead, becomes persistent and debilitating affecting seriously to the quality of life of patients. Chronic pain is one of the most important health problems worldwide. It has been estimated that 10% of adults are diagnosed... Read More

Cytokine Levels in Neural Pain in Leprosy

Image Pain is a frequent symptom in leprosy patients. It may be predominantly nociceptive, as in neuritis, or neuropathic, due to injury or nerve dysfunction. The differential diagnosis of these two forms of pain is a challenge in clinical practice, especially because it is quite common for a patient to suffer from both types of pain. A better understanding of cytokine profile may serve as a tool in assessing patients and  also help to comprehend pathophysiology of leprosy pain. Patients with leprosy and neural pain (n = 22), neuropathic pain (n = 18), neuritis (nociceptive pain) (n = 4), or no... Read More

Pain perception in people with Down syndrome: a synthesis of clinical and experimental research

Image People with an intellectual disability experience both acute and chronic pain with at least the same frequency as the general population. However, considerably less is known about the pain perception of people with Down syndrome. In this review paper, we evaluated the available clinical and experimental evidence. Some experimental studies of acute pain have indicated that pain threshold was higher than normal but only when using a reaction time method to measure pain sensitivity. However, when reaction time is not part of the calculation of the pain threshold, pain sensitivity in people with Down syndrome is in fact lowering than... Read More

The rising threat of heart disease

Image Around 75% of cases of cardiovascular disease can be predicted by established risk factors – which include physical inactivity, tobacco use, elevated blood pressure, poor lipid profile and excessive body weight. However, lack of awareness about regular check-ups and lack of guidelines and training for primary healthcare practitioners to assess risk factors of all patients and offer advice on a regular basis implies we have poor management of risk factors. Diabetes is a major risk factor whose presence significantly elevates the risk of heart disease. Similarly, hypertension is directly responsible for 57% of all... Read More

Breast cancer: Journal of Cancer Immunology and Therapy

Image Cancer occurs when changes called mutations take place in genes that regulate cell growth. The mutations let the cells divide and multiply in an uncontrolled way. Breast cancer is cancer that develops from breast tissue. Typically, the cancer forms in either the lobules or the ducts of the breast. Lobules are the glands that produce milk, and ducts are the pathways that bring the milk from the glands to the nipple. Cancer can also occur in the fatty tissue or the fibrous connective tissue within your breast. The uncontrolled cancer cells often invade other healthy breast tissue and can travel... Read More

Can Increase In Temperature Kill COVID-19?

Image Can Increase In Temperature Kill COVID-19? Currently the most chronic disease Coronavirus can stay active for 8-10 days on dry surfaces and while it survives in the human body at 37 degree Celsius, they are heat labile like all viruses and are deactivated or destroyed when subjected to heat. The exact threshold temperature to deactivate COVID-19 is still unknown. Coronavirus: COVID-19 virus has now spread across over 110 countries with no known vaccine or cure. There has been a conjecture that increased temperature can kill the virus and that the onset of summer will lead to a breakdown in transmission... Read More

Pathologic conditions and in the presence of transforming growth factor beta (TGF-β)

Image Despite extensive investigation, the cause of IPF remains unknown.The fibrosis in IPF has been linked to cigarette smoking, environmental factors (e.g. occupational exposure to gases, smoke, chemicals or dusts), other medical conditions including gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD), or to genetic predisposition (familial IPF). However, none of these is present in all people with IPF and therefore do not provide a completely satisfactory explanation for the disease. IPF is believed to be the result of an aberrant wound healing process including/involving abnormal and excessive deposition of collagen (fibrosis) in the pulmonary with minimal associated inflammation. It is hypothesized that the initial or repetitive injury in IPF occurs to the... Read More

Current research and futuristic challenges in Molecular Genetics

Image Molecular Medicine Atomic prescription is an expansive field which manages the improvement of illnesses at a sub-atomic level and distinguishes crucial sub-atomic and hereditary blunders of infection and to create sub-atomic intercessions to address them. Sub-atomic structures and components are portrayed by physical, compound, organic, bioinformatics and medicinal methods. Illness pathogenesis at the atomic or physiological level may prompt the structure of explicit devices for infection determination, treatment, or anticipation. By understanding the qualities, proteins, and other cell atoms work sub-atomic medication creates approaches to analyse and treat illness. Atomic medicine creates information and... Read More

Food to be formulated as nutritional bar

Image Cardio metabolic disruptions include diseases such as obesity, high blood pressure, dyslipidemia, hyperglycemia and insulin resistance. These are intimately related with the development of metabolic syndrome (MetS), which confers a 2 to 2.5-fold increase in the risk of developing cardiovascular diseases and death. In Mexico, the prevalence of metabolic syndrome and therefore cardio metabolic disruptions, is high (27-41%), whilst the prevalence of abdominal obesity is up to 73.9%. The treatment requires lifestyle changes, and in most cases pharmacological treatment for each of the diseases that enclose MetS. Pharmacological treatment has the disadvantage of producing... Read More

Treatment of Bilateral obstructive uropathy

Image Treatment of obstructive uropathy is a common urological referral. The two treatment options are nephrostomy tube or ureteric stent insertion. Both are equally effective at providing collecting system drainage and as both have different specific advantages and disadvantages, choice is often made on a case-by-case basis. Percutaneous nephrostomy has the advantages of bypassing the level of ureteric obstruction and not requiring a general anaesthetic, which can sometimes lead to deterioration in an already acutely unwell patient. The procedure can be technically difficulty in overweight patients, and those without hydronephrosis, and is not without risk of significant haemorrhage.... Read More

Together we can fight corona virus

Image World Health Organization declared an outbreak of febrile respiratory illness of unknown etiology in December 2019 from Wuhan, Hubei province of China. Since its emergence, the disease his rapidly spread to neighboring provinces of China as well 151 other countries mainly through lnternational travel. lnfection is spread through droplets of an infected patient generated by coughing and sneezing or through prolonged contact with infected patients. Social distancing is a non-pharmaceutical infection prevention and control intervention implemented to avoid/decrease contact between those who are infected with a disease causing pathogen and those who are not,... Read More

Neoplasms may be benign (not cancer) or malignant (cancer).

Image A neoplasmis a type of abnormal and excessive growth, called neoplasia, of tissue. The growth of a neoplasm is uncoordinated with that of the normal surrounding tissue, and it persists growing abnormally, even if the original trigger is removed. This abnormal growth usually (but not always) forms a mass. When it forms a mass, it may be called a tumor. ICD-10 classifies neoplasms into four main groups: benign neoplasms, in situ neoplasms, malignant neoplasms, and neoplasms of uncertain or unknown behavior. Malignant neoplasms are also simply known as cancers and are the focus of oncology. Prior to the abnormal... Read More

Two new developments have taken place since the last briefing in Abuja on the coronavirus situation in Nigeria

Image   The first is that a team of researchers from various institutions in Nigeria, including scientists from the Centre for Human and Zoology Virology in LUTH, African Centre for Genomics of Infectious Diseases in Redeemers University and the Nigeria Institute of Medical Research (NIMR) Lagos, combined their efforts to successfully perform the genome sequencing of the coronavirus strain that the index case brought to Nigeria and proved it to be a match with the virus circulating in Italy and Wuhan. This was coordinated by the Lagos State Ministry of Health and NCDC. It is the first time the sequencing of... Read More

Communication, Innovation and Development in the field of Endocrine Metabolic Syndrome

Image Endocrinology and Diabetes Endocrinology and diabetes is mainly an outpatient specialty but a number of patients require hospital admission for complex investigations or the management of complications. Patients usually have chronic conditions and management is holistic and long term often in a multidisciplinary team fashion Increasingly, hospital-based specialists manage diabetes patients jointly with generations in primary care and training has been adjusted to reflect this. Diabetes mellitus is commonly known as diabetes, is a group of metabolic disorders characterized by high blood sugar levels over a prolonged period. Acute complications can include diabetic ketoacidosis,... Read More

Recent News: Present scenario of gift tax in Bangladesh: contribution and prospect in the economy

Image Gift tax is a direct tax in nature which is levied on the taxable gifts under Gift Tax Act-1990 that was adopted from Pakistani Gift Tax Act 1963 with some modifications in Bangladesh. In some countries gift tax and inheritance tax is one and the rate of inheritance tax depends on the closeness of the relationship. Gift consists of the extinction of one’s own property and the generation of another property, that can also be termed as present and Gift tax is paid on the gifted money or money’s worth. Gift tax is digressive in structure of tax rate. Generally... Read More

Recent News: Assessment Of The Effectiveness Of Accounting Information As A Tool For Management Decision In Manufacturing Companies In Osun State, Nigeria

Image This study examined the relationship between accounting information and management decision with emphasis on the effect of accounting information on economic order quantity decision, human resources management decision and marketing decision of selected manufacturing organizations. Data were sourced primarily with the aid of structured questionnaire from one hundred and fifty top management staff statistically selected from the selected manufacturing companies in Osun State, Nigeria. Empirical research designs and inferential analysis were carried out with the aid of statistical package for social sciences (SPSS version 20). The t-test results carried out confirmed a positive relationship between accounting information and management decisions... Read More

Impacts of Moringa oleifera leaves and Lannea barteri bark as growth promoting additives and survival rates

Image Impacts of Moringa oleifera leaves and Lannea barteri bark as growth promoting additives and survival rates Fish is a source of indispensable amino acids in the diet of human and animals because of its high quality proteins, Omega 3 fatty acids and other nutrients. Demand for fish products is increasing on daily basis while wild stock is rapidly decreasing due to over exploitation and abuse of fisheries rules and regulations. According to Villa-Cruz et al. sustaining fish supplies from captured fisheries will not meet growing demand for fish product globally. Therefore, aquaculture has become an important ventures... Read More

Unique non-oxygen breathing animal discovered

Image Unique non-oxygen breathing animal discovered The tiny, less than 10-celled parasite Henneguya salminicola lives in salmon muscle. As it evolved, the animal, which is a myxozoan relative of jellyfish and corals, gave up breathing and consuming oxygen to produce energy. "Aerobic respiration was thought to be ubiquitous in animals, but now we confirmed that this is not the case," Prof. Huchon explains. "Our discovery shows that evolution can go in strange directions. Aerobic respiration is a major source of energy, and yet we found an animal that gave up this critical pathway." "Aerobic respiration was thought to be ubiquitous in animals, but... Read More

Clinical cardiac electrophysiology

Image Clinical cardiac electrophysiology (also referred to as cardiac electrophysiology, arrhythmia services, or electrophysiology), is a branch of the medical specialty of cardiology and is concerned with the study and treatment of rhythm disorders of the heart. Cardiologists with expertise in this area are usually referred to as electrophysiologists. Electrophysiologists are trained in the mechanism, function, and performance of the electrical activities of the heart. Electrophysiologists work closely with other cardiologists and cardiac surgeons to assist or guide therapy for heart rhythm disturbances (arrhythmias). They are trained to perform interventional and surgical procedures to treat cardiac arrhythmia. The training required to become an electrophysiologist is lengthy and requires... Read More

Pharmacognostical Screening and Phytochemical Evaluation of Albizia lebbeck Benth. Heartwood

Image Pharmacognostical Screening and Phytochemical Evaluation of Albizia lebbeck Benth. Heartwood Albizia lebbeck benth, known as Shirisha in Ayurveda is an important medicinal plant belonging to the family Fabaceae (Formerly Leguminosae) and a member of subfamily Mimosaceae. The plant is useful in many disease conditions and is known for its anti-inflammatory, anti-histaminic, anti-anaphylactic, anti-asthmatic and anti-microbial etc. activities. The pharmacognostical study of flower, leaf, and stem bark of this plant are reported but heartwood is not available in any of the works including API (Ayurvedic Pharmacopoeia of India). Considering this an attempt has been made for first time... Read More

Biodegradable Polymers, Role in Enhancing Bioavailability of Drug

Image Biodegradable Polymers, Role in Enhancing Bioavailability of Drug   Biodegradable polymer has been the subject of interest for its use as a polymeric drug carrier material in dosage form design due to its appealing properties such as biocompatibility, biodegradability, low toxicity and relatively low production cost from abundant natural sources. The greatest advantage of these degradable polymers is that they are broken down into biologically acceptable molecules that are metabolized and removed from the body via normal metabolic pathways, for example, polylactides, polyglycolides, and their copolymers—the polymers will eventually break down to lactic acid and glycolic acid,... Read More

Cell membranes are essentially lipid bilayers which form a semipermeable membrane

Image Journal of Pharmacology and Therapeutic Research is an open access, peer reviewed journal that focuses on the interdisciplinary research offering therapeutic solutions to various neurological, genetics, psychological, and respiratory issues affecting the human beings. The gastrointestinal tract is lined with epithelial cells. Drugs must pass or permeate through these cells in order to be absorbed into the circulatory system. One particular cellular barrier that may prevent absorption of a given drug is the cell membrane. Cell membranes are essentially lipid bilayers which form a semipermeable membrane. Pure lipid bilayers are generally permeable only to small, uncharged solutes. Hence, whether or not a molecule is ionized will affect... Read More

Dietary regulation of the epigenome

Image Our diet is a central etiological element for certain cancers, cardiovascular disease (CVD) and type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). Scientist are continually elucidating the molecular mechanisms that link nutrition to physiology and pathophysiology, in which the last two decades have given rise to our increased understanding for diet-gene interactions, also termed nutrigenetics or nutrigenomics. Recent advancements in ‘omics’ technologies have allowed for acquisition of new knowledge aimed at better understanding diet-gene interactions for optimal health and disease prevention. This has given rise to nutri-epigenetics, in which researchers are examining a role for macro (i.e.,... Read More

Peritoneal Dialysis

Image Peritoneal dialysis is a way to remove waste products from your blood when your kidneys can't adequately do the job any longer. This procedure filters the blood in a different way than does the more common blood-filtering procedure called hemodialysis. During peritoneal dialysis, a cleansing fluid flows through a tube (catheter) into part of your abdomen. The lining of your abdomen (peritoneum) acts as a filter and removes waste products from your blood. After a set period of time, the fluid with the filtered waste products flows out of your abdomen and is discarded.... Read More

Great Scourges of Sericulture

Image The silkworm is a monophagous insect, feeding only on the leaves of the mulberry tree. The fortunes of the silkworm and the mulberry tree are indissolubly associated, and when man steps in and patronizes the union between the two in order to get cocoons, there results an industry called sericulture. In the mid-nineteenth century, French sericulture suffered extensive damages due to a silkworm disease known as pebrine. In the afflicted area, silkworm eggs did not hatch or gave rise to languishing larvae, the majority of which died prematurely. Few silkworms that managed to reach... Read More

Amoebae as Host Models to Study the Interaction with Pathogens

Image Amoebae are eukaryotic microorganisms of great diversity. They do not form a single taxonomic group and are found among the protozoa, fungi, and algae. However, all amoebae are characterised by the amoeboid life style - the ability to change cell shape by extending and retracting pseudopods - and most amoebae can be considered as professional phagocytes, which feed on bacteria and other microorganisms by phagocytosis. But despite their impressive phagocytic activity, amoebae cannot degrade all microorganisms. Some resist the digestion and some even use amoebae as host cells for their own replication. Such microbial resistance is also observed in the... Read More

The Function of Phagocytes in Non-Mammals

Image Non-mammalian animals are useful models for understanding the evolution of the immune system and studying the underlying mechanisms of cellular and molecular responses in mammalian immunity. In 1882, Elie Metchnikoff discovered cells surrounding a wound in starfish larvae and named them “phagocytes” based on his hypothesis that these cells surround and kill pathogens. Recent literature has expanded the function of phagocytes beyond pathogen killing to the regulation of the overall inflammation response. In humans, many diseases, including congenital neutropenia, familial Mediterranean fever, and sepsis, stem from dysregulated phagocyte function, with no satisfactory treatment regimens currently available. Because of the high... Read More

Radiotherapy: The treatment of cancer with ionizing radiation

Image Radiation therapy is a type of cancer treatment that uses beams of intense energy to kill cancer cells. Radiation therapy most often uses X-rays, but protons or other types of energy also can be used. Radiation therapy damages cells by destroying the genetic material that controls how cells grow and divide. While both healthy and cancerous cells are damaged by radiation therapy, the goal of radiation therapy is to destroy as few normal, healthy cells as possible. Normal cells can often repair much of the damage caused by radiation. Risks Radiation therapy side effects depend on which part of your body is being exposed to... Read More

Acute myeloid leukemia is a cancer of the blood and bone marrow

Image Acute myeloid leukemia (AML) is a cancer of the myeloid line of blood cells, characterized by the rapid growth of abnormal cells that build up in the bone marrow and blood and interfere with normal blood cells. Symptoms may include feeling tired, shortness of breath, easy bruising and bleeding, and increased risk of infection. Occasionally, spread may occur to the brain, skin, or gums. As an acute leukemia, AML progresses rapidly and is typically fatal within weeks or months if left untreated. Risk factors include smoking, previous chemotherapy or radiation therapy, myelodysplastic syndrome, and exposure to the chemical benzene.... Read More

“Call for Papers on Journal of Cardiovascular Medicine & Therapeutics”

Image Being a Managing Editor to Journal of Cardiovascular Medicine and Therapeutics, I would like to take this opportunity to introduce one of our peer viewed journal which is dedicated to is committed to dispersing unique and top-level original research articles, letters, perspectives, opinions, commentaries, case reports, reviews, letter to editor, editorials, and short communications etc. in every aspect of cardiovascular medicine.   Journal of Cardiovascular Medicine and Therapeutics  is a peer-reviewed, open-access, medical journal. Journal publishes original research and critical reviews dealing with all disciplines of cardiovascular Medicine.   The ... Read More

Medical Device Connectivity Market Consumption Sales By Type, Product Specifications, Market Research Methodology, Market Forecast To 2023

Image Medical Device Connectivity Market Consumption Sales By Type, Product Specifications, Market Research Methodology, Market Forecast To 2023 Global Medical Device Connectivity Market Report 2019 – Market Size, Share, Price, Trend and Forecast is a professional and in-depth study on the current state of the global Medical Device Connectivity industry. The report also covers segment data, including: type segment, industry segment, channel segment etc. cover different segment market size, both volume and value. Also cover different industries clients information, which is very important for the manufacturers. There are 4 key segments covered in this report: competitor segment, product type segment, end... Read More

Recent News: Dynamic interelationship between macroeconomic fundamentals and stock prices in Nigeria

Image This paper investigated the dynamic interrelationship between macroeconomic fundamentals and stock prices in Nigeria using time series data spanning from 1980 to 2016. The study made use of co-integration test and the error correction mechanism. Empirical estimates revealed pointedly that there is a long run correlation between macroeconomic fundamentals and stock prices in Nigeria. Similarly, in the short run, the previous values of money supply and interest rate were found to demonstrate a significant effect on stock prices. Also, the previous value of stock market return was found to show significant influence on the current stock prices. Markedly, the results... Read More

1991-2014: Dietary Iron Intake in Pregnant Women in Europe

Image Assessment of dietary iron intake in pregnant women in Europe. Design. Review. Setting. Literature search of dietary surveys reporting the intake of dietary iron using the PubMed and Google Scholar databases covering the years 1990–2019. 24 dietary surveys/studies in 14 European countries were included. Nine studies (38%) used Food Frequency Questionnaires, which yielded significantly higher iron intake than studies using Dietary Records. Results from Dietary Record studies in 11 countries showed that iron intake varied between 8.3–15.4 mg/day with an estimated “median” value of 10–11 mg/day. Spain, Bosnia, and Poland reported an intake of 8.3–10.1 mg/day, Croatia,... Read More

Recent News: Rice supply chain using lindo method at serang city, banten, indonesia

Image This research uses descriptive analysis method. The descriptive method of analysis is strengthened by observation and survey. This research uses non probability sampling sampling method, that is judgment sampling. The sampling technique was chosen to obtain sampling units that had the desired characteristics and snowball sampling aimed to determine the information of the respondents. Data analysis techniques using Linear Interactive and Discrete Optimize (LINDO). Linear Interactive and Discrete Optimizer is an interactive programming package of linear, quadratic and integral programs. The results showed that : Based on the calculation of sensitivity analysis using LINDO, the allocation of rice from the... Read More

Cardio-Nephrology: Prevention of Cardiovascular Disease

Image Cardiology and Nephrology specialties share several elements in the prevention of Cardiovascular Disease (CVD). CVD prevention in patients with CKD (Chronic Kidney Disease) can only really be understood if there are more robust collaborative clinical trials, and social sciences health research between nephrology and cardiology, not only to inform healthcare and best practices, but also to inform healthcare innovation. More than 80% of renal patients have one or more cardiovascular risk factors. Randomized Controlled Trials (RCTs) and social science research informs that compromised cardiac health is a key source of demise in patients. The... Read More

Horizontal Carousel Market Size 2020: Research Methodology, Top Manufactures and Market Size Estimate 2025

Image Horizontal Carousel Market Size 2020: Research Methodology, Top Manufactures and Market Size Estimate 2025 This elaborate and detailed research output on Global Horizontal Carousel Market is an illustrative narrative on ongoing market developments and advances that have a lingering effect on growth estimations and growth patterns in the Global Horizontal Carousel Market. This comprehensive research offering is strategically designed to focus intrinsically on various market factors that fetch high return on investments and pave way for lucrative avenues in the Global Horizontal Carousel Market through the forecast span. Additionally, this Global Horizontal Carousel Market industry report gauges closely remunerative trends... Read More

COVID-19: Wuhan to India

Image Coronavirus are a large family of viruses that cause illness ranging from the common cold to more severe diseases such as Middle East Respiratory Syndrome (MERS-CoV) and Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS-CoV). A novel coronavirus (nCoV) is a new strain that has not been previously identified in humans.  Coronaviruses are zoonotic, meaning they are transmitted between animals and people.  Detailed investigations found that SARS-CoV was transmitted from civet cats to humans and MERS-CoV from dromedary camels to humans. Several known coronaviruses are circulating in animals that have not yet infected humans. Common signs of infection include ... Read More

The Importance of Biomedical Research on Emerging Health Trends

Image The Importance of Biomedical Research on Emerging Health Trends Biomedical research is vital for new health supplements because for them to be passed as safe to use, they must meet some standards. It’s not hard to see why—health supplements need to be safe, and we need a full understanding of what they can and can’t do. These findings inevitably drive the direction of emerging health trends. Why Biomedical Research on Health Supplements is Important Biomedical research doesn’t just tell us what a product can do and whether it’s safe. It also works to dispel... Read More

Biomedical research partners with Research Institutes to improve research sharing

Image Biomedical research partners with Research Institutes to improve research sharing    Biomedical Research (BMR) is a leading open access publisher of original research papers in biomedical Sciences. JTBR attracts a broad readership, with its general and technical articles. Biomedical Research (BMR) publishes high quality open access research articles with a special emphasis on basic, translational and clinical research into molecular therapeutics and cellular therapies, including animal models and clinical trials. Biomedical research is the broad area of science that involves the investigation of the biological process and the causes of disease... Read More

Lung Cancer

Image Cancer of the lung, like all cancers, results from an abnormality in the body's basic unit of life, the cell. The lung is a very common site for metastasis from malignant tumors in other parts of the body. Lung cancers can arise in any part of the lung, but 90%-95% of cancers of the lung arise from the epithelial cells, the cells lining the larger and smaller airways (bronchi and bronchioles); for this reason, lung cancers are sometimes called bronchogenic cancers or bronchogenic carcinomas. (Carcinoma is another term for cancer.) Cancers also can arise from the pleura (called mesotheliomas) or... Read More

Dental Caries: A Review

Image Dental Caries: A Review Dental caries, a chronic disease is unique among human and is one of the most common important global oral health problems in the world today. It is the destruction of dental hard acellular tissue by acidic by-products from the bacterial fermentation of dietary carbohydrates especially sucrose. It progresses slowly in most of the people which results from an ecological imbalance in the equilibrium between tooth minerals and oral biofilms which is characterised by microbial activity, resulting in fluctuations in plaque pH due to bacterial acid production, buffering action from saliva and the surrounding... Read More

Diagnosis of Pleural & Lung Diseases using Sonography

Image Sonography has been proved to be valuable for the evaluation of a wide variety of chest diseases, particularly when the pleural cavity is involved. The advantages of Sonography are that it is a relatively inexpensive, widely available, mobile form of multi-planar imaging free from ionizing. The 30 patients who had visited the Out-Patient Department (OPD) and in-patient department (IPD) of a hospital in North India were considered in the study. All patients were undergone radiologically then as per the requirements the skiagram were taken. Various biochemical and histopathological tests were done wherever required. After this, the patients... Read More

Viral Infection (Lymphocystis) in Fish

Image Viral Infection (Lymphocystis) in Fish   Lymphocystis Disease Lymphocystis disease is a common viral infection which affects the skin and fins of saltwater and freshwater fish. Although it is serious, it does not cause any health problems; the disease only disfigures the fish.  Fishes kept in aquariums or outside in ponds are both susceptible to Lymphocystis disease. The painted glassfish is the most prone aquarium fish to contract this infection.  Symptoms and Types The viral infection causes growths on the skin or fins, which look similar to cauliflowers.  The Lymphocystis disease does not pose any health problem to the fish, but... Read More

New Tank Syndrome in Fish

Image New Tank Syndrome in Fish Similar to "old tank syndrome," new tank syndrome is a fish disease that occurs in aquarium fish that live in water with high levels of ammonia.  Symptoms New tank syndrome leads to ammonia toxicity in the fish, which can quickly become fatal. Fish will often die suddenly, without warning. The aquarium water is frequently cloudy and smelly due to the excessive ammonia and nitrite levels.  Causes Also known as the "break in cycle," the cause of the high levels of ammonia in a new tank are due to the lack of beneficial bacteria in the... Read More

New hope for an inherited form of heart disease

Image The term "heart disease" often refers to plaque-filled heart arteries that can lead to a heart attack. More accurately described as coronary artery disease, it's by far the most common and best known type of heart disease. Most people are far less familiar with the most common inherited form of heart disease, hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM), which affects the heart muscle rather than its arteries. HCM is thought to affect one in 500 people. It's far more common than better known diseases such as multiple sclerosis and cystic fibrosis. But HCM can be tricky to diagnose. "In the... Read More

New Challenges and Latest Developments in Molecular Oncology and Treating Brain Tumour

Image An important area of clinical Molecular -Oncology and Brain Tumour that is increasingly relevant as survivorship increases and as patients experience potential morbidities associated with new therapies. Neuro-Oncology is the study of Brain and Spinal cord neoplasms, many of which are   (at least eventually) very dangerous and life-threatening (Astrocytoma, Glioma, Glioblastoma multiforme, Ependymoma, Pontine Glioma, and Brain stem tumors are among the many examples of these). Among the Malignant Brain cancers, Gliomas of the brainstem and pons, Glioblastoma multiform, and high-grade (highly anaplastic) Astrocytoma are among the worst. Neuro-Oncology ... Read More

Abdominal Cancer Diagnosis no Longer a Death Sentence

Image Stomach cancer, also known as gastric cancer, is a cancer that develops from the lining of the stomach. Most cases of stomach cancers are gastric carcinomas, which can be divided into a number of subtypes including gastric adenocarcinomas. Lymphomas and mesenchymal tumors may also develop in the stomach. Early symptoms may include heartburn, upper abdominal pain, nausea and loss of appetite. Later signs and symptoms may include weight loss, yellowing of the skin and whites of the eyes, vomiting, difficulty swallowing and blood in the stool among others. The cancer may spread from the stomach to other parts of... Read More

“To keep the body in good health is a duty… otherwise we shall not be able to keep our mind strong and clear.”

Image On behalf of the Journal of Food Nutrition & Health, as Editor-in-Chief, it is my distinct honour on behalf of our Journal and we are privileged to welcome Analytical Society to our journal. As Editor-In-Chief it is my great pleasure and honour to introduce you to the Journal of Food Nutrition & Health. With a continuation of the most successful series we are glad to announce the next issue of the 3rd Volume on Journal of Food Nutrition & Health highlighting the topics in nutrition and its importance.   ... Read More

“Health is the greatest of all possessions; a pale cobbler is better than a sick king.”

Image On behalf of the Journal of Food Nutrition & Health, as Editor-in-Chief, it is my distinct honour on behalf of our Journal and we are privileged to welcome Analytical Society to our journal. As Editor-In-Chief it is my great pleasure and honour to introduce you to the Journal of Food Nutrition & Health. Nutrition & Health is defined as the upkeep of a well-balanced diet consisting of the essential nutrients and also the adequate caloric consumption that is needed to trigger evolution and withstand the physiological necessity at the different phases... Read More

Myriocin was Isolated from the Culture Broth a type of Entomopathogenic Fungus

Image Journal of Pharmacology and Therapeutic Research is an open access, peer reviewed journal that focuses on the interdisciplinary research offering therapeutic solutions to various neurological, genetics, psychological, and respiratory issues affecting the human beings. Fingolimod (INN, trade name Gilenya, Novartis) is an immunomodulation drug, mostly used for treating multiple sclerosis (MS).  It has reduced the rate of relapses in relapsing-remitting multiple sclerosis by approximately one-half over a two-year period.  Fingolimod is a sphingosine-1-phosphate receptor modulator, which sequesters lymphocytes in lymph nodes, preventing them from contributing to an autoimmune reaction. First synthesized in 1992 by Yoshitomi Pharmaceuticals, fingolimod was derived from an immunosuppressive natural product, myriocin (ISP-I) through chemical... Read More

Blood Groups in Companion Animals

Image Transfusions in companion animals such as dogs, cats and horses are frequently done in veterinary medicine as life-saving procedures and as part of the treatment protocol of many hematological, coagulation, and immunological disorders. Companion animals have many blood groups and blood types and some blood typing tests are available for their determination. However, many other blood types are suspected to exist and methods for typing are not always readily available. Studies on new blood type and cross matching methods and on epidemiology of blood groups could improve knowledge of blood groups in companion animals and improve quality of veterinary transfusion... Read More

Fluid Therapy in Animals

Image Intravenous fluids are one the most commonly administered treatments in veterinary medicine. Fluids are drugs that are capable of producing marked changes in hemodynamic, electrolyte, acid-base, hematologic and coagulation profiles dependent upon the fluid type (i.e. crystalloid, colloid), volume, rate and timing of fluid administration. Appreciation of the physiologic relevance of blood volume distribution (i.e. stressed, unstressed), the endothelial glycocalyx and lymphatic system during health and disease (ex. hemorrhage, trauma, sepsis) has revised understanding of capillary fluid and solute exchange and resulted in context-sensitive volume expansion. This approach in conjunction with appropriate use of vasopressors and the employment of improved... Read More

Recent News: Social media, a strategic tool for the recruitment process

Image The social media phenomenon has opened up new paths of engagement and revolutionized the way people exchange information. As social media technology continues to evolve and becomes more widespread, it presents an exciting opportunity for the recruitment industry. This writing reflects on issues concerning social media recruitment in private sector and it aims to raise the awareness of businesses and HR professionals on how the use of social media can positively impact the recruitment process, and how social media could serve as a potential tool for recruitment. In the context of the contemporary global business environment, the role of social... Read More

Recent News: Effective supervisors and issues in management

Image Given the changing realities of the business environment, supply chain issues have become one of the top priorities of CEOs in different firms. Growing attention to supply chain networks also highlights the importance of using efficient supply chain management practices. The belief that supply chain management can lead to continuous improvement of corporate performance has led CEOs to focus on upgrading the supply chain management process. The main objective of this research is to evaluate the impact of supply chain capabilities on operational and financial performance of food companies. The study population consists of 76 companies operating in the food... Read More

Strengthening the future to fight against cancer

Image Cancer Science Cancer Science is a wide field that covers almost every branch of cancer research and therapy. Cancers are a group of diseases in which abnormal cells violently develop and spread in the body. More than 100 different types of cancer affect humans. Internationally, it is the second leading cause of death, accounting for one in every seven deaths worldwide. Technologies in the field of Cancer Science are improving promptly. For example, some tumours can be treated with highly sophisticated precision external beam radiation therapy such as proton beam therapy. Some patients can... Read More

Nociceptive System

Image Impacts that threaten or indeed compromise the integrity of tissues trigger the development of a defence response, which through the activity of the nociceptive system includes pain. If the noxious impact does not induce tissue damage, the pain, called “nociceptive” pain, ceases within seconds after the impact is withdrawn. In contrast, if tissue damage does occur, a pain experience that usually persists until the injury is resolved and includes two major pathological sensory experiences, hypersensitivity to heat stimuli (i.e. heat hyperalgesia) and/or hypersensitivity to mechanical stimuli (i.e. mechanical allodynia) develop. The cellular and molecular mechanisms underlying the development of... Read More

Neuroautoimmunity

Image For a long time, resident innate immune cells in central and peripheral nervous system, such as macrophages/microglia and mast-cells, have been considered as contributing players in peripheral neurodegeneration. New evidence seems to indicate that this view represented an underestimation of the role of inflammation in the nervous system, attributing to neuroinflammation a critical role of primary driver in peripheral neuropathies and pain. This is the case for autoimmune neuropathies (i.e. Guillain–Barré syndromes), diabetic neuropathy or traumatic nerve injury. Since neuropathic pain, the major feature of the most inflammatory neuropathies, is strongly influenced by the release of proinflammatory cytokines in response... Read More

New technologies in cancer Research

Image Cancer research ranges from epidemiology, molecular bioscience to the performance of clinical trials to evaluate and compare applications of the various cancer treatments. These applications include surgery, radiation therapy, chemotherapy, hormone therapy, and immunotherapy and combined treatment modalities such as chemo-radiotherapy. Starting in the mid-1990s, the emphasis in clinical cancer research shifted towards therapies derived from biotechnology research, such as cancer immunotherapy and gene therapy. Journal of Cancer Immunology and Therapy is an academic journal and aims to publish most complete and reliable source of information on the discoveries and current developments in the mode of original articles, review... Read More

Kidney and Urinary Tract Disorders in Fish

Image Kidney and Urinary Tract Disorders in Fish There are few major kidney and urinary tract disorders seen in fishes. Of these the main kidney and urinary tract disorders are Renal Dropsy, Carp-dropsy complex, and Proliferative kidney disease (PKD). Renal dropsy in fishes is caused by the parasite, Sphaerospora auratus. Renal dropsy usually occurs in pond-raised goldfish. There is damage to the kidneys and swelling of the abdomen due to fluid accumulation is the most common sign of renal dropsy. There is no treatment for this kidney disorder and it usually causes death of the infected fish. Carp-dropsy complex is a... Read More

Gas Bubble Disease in Fish

Image Gas Bubble Disease in Fish Gas Bubble Disease in Fish Gas bubble disease refers to the development of gases in a fish's bloodstream. This can occur when its aquarium or pond water is supersaturated with gases. Symptoms and Types Gas bubble disease damages the fish's tissue, causing tiny gas bubbles to form in the gills, fins, and eyes of the animal. This tissue damage, if extensive, can even lead to the fish's death.  Causes Fishes are cold-blooded creatures, meaning their body temperature depends on the temperature of their environment. The water they live in and their bloodstreams can become supersaturated with... Read More

Holistic nutrition

Image Holistic nutrition focuses on a natural approach to a healthy diet and considers the individual as a whole, including all aspects of lifestyle. This natural approach incorporates emotional, spiritual and physical health to create a state of well-being for optimum health. A holistic approach to proper nutrition encourages education on basic nutrition to develop a holistic diet that incorporates natural and organic foods, natural holistic supplements and food treatments for chronic health conditions. Significance of Food The fundamental principle of holistic nutrition is that food provides the energy... Read More

End-stage Renal Disease

Image The pregnancy is told as a rare event among End-stage Renal Disease (ESRD) women undergoing chronic Hemodialysis (HD). This is mainly due to ESRD to be considered per se as a powerful method of contraception and sexual dysfunction is higher in women undergoing HD likely as a result of the cumulative effects of depression, fatigue, altered body image, medication side effects and premature menopause, and the gestation in these women is frequently associated with poor fetal outcomes. However, in last years the number of gestations among patients undergoing HD is increasing exponentially around the world, associated with... Read More

Stress can cause a cardiac event that resembles a heart attack

Image While stress can't directly cause a heart attack, it can have a major impact on your heart health, and even trigger an event that feels just like a heart attack.  Here's what you need to know about stress-induced cardiomyopathy, as well as the effects of chronic stress on your heart and how to manage it.  Stress can cause "broken heart syndrome," which feels like a heart attack One of the most dramatic ways stress can affect your heart is by causing takotsubo cardiomyopathy, also known as stress-induced cardiomyopathy or "broken heart syndrome."  This feels just like a heart attack,... Read More

Exploring the Possibilities of future Cardiac Research

Image Journal of Cardiovascular Medicine and Therapeutics will join world-class teachers, scientists, Surgeons and cardiologists to submit their valuable research for ailment remediation for heart diseases etc. Journal of Cardiovascular Medicine and Therapeutics is devoted to Cardiovascular Medicine in the broadest sense. Both basic research and clinical papers can be submitted.   Cardiovascular research involves recent findings and developments in the field of cardiology, the diagnosis and treatment of cardiovascular medicines like cardiomyopathy, atherosclerosis, etc. These researches aids in promoting preventive measures and... Read More

Renewable Energy Source: Biofuel

Image Biofuels are a renewable energy source, made from organic matter or wastes, that can play a valuable role in reducing carbon dioxide emissions. Biofuels are one of the largest sources of renewable energy in use today. In the transport sector, they are blended with existing fuels such as gasoline and diesel. In the future, they can be particularly important to help decarbonise the aviation, marine and heavy-duty road transport sectors. Biofuels can be produced from organic matter, or biomass, such as corn or sugar, vegetable oils or waste feedstocks. As biofuels... Read More

The Cardiac Implications of Novel Coronavirus

Image Cardiac Implications of Novel Coronavirus: The ACC lists the following points regarding early cardiac implications from case reports on Wuhan Coronavirus.    • Early case reports suggest patients with underlying conditions are at higher risk for complications or mortality from COVID-19; up to 50 percent of hospitalized patients have a chronic medical illness.    • 40 percent of hospitalized patients with confirmed COVID-19 patients have cardiovascular or cerebrovascular disease.    • In a recent case report on 138 hospitalized COVID-19 patients, 19.6 percent of patients developed acute respiratory distress syndrome.    • 16.7 percent of patients developed arrhythmia; 7.2 percent developed acute cardiac injury.    •... Read More

Glutathione related disorders: do seaweeds have potential for cure?

Image Research on glutathione metabolism has largerly contributed to the advancement of varied disciplines of science over the past century. This ubiquitous wonder molecule distributed in plants animals and microbes has a plethora of functions essential for antioxidant defense, redox balance and cellular regulation to name a few. Dysregulation of glutathione homeostasis and metabolism results in a number of human diseases, including cancer, ageing related disorders, inflammatory, neurodegenerative, metabolic as well as liver diseases. Numerous therapeutic drugs have shown adverse health effects. Amidst the chaos a natural source of Glutathione may be regarded as a ray of hope... Read More

“Dear Cardiac Researcher’s, Welcome to Journal of Cardiovascular Medicine and Therapeutics”

Image Journal of Cardiovascular Medicine and Therapeutics will join world-class teachers, scientists, Surgeons and cardiologists to submit their valuable research for ailment remediation for heart diseses etc. Journal of Cardiovascular Medicine and Therapeutics is devoted to Cardiovascular Medicine in the broadest sense. Both basic research and clinical papers can be submitted. It is our pleasure in starting the “Journal of Cardiovascular Medicine and Therapeutics” that will Publishes the advanced trends for the future of Cardiology and the development in Cardiovascular Medicine. With the support of our Allied academies publishing... Read More

Azaphilones: Their Role in Various Biological Activities

Image Azaphilones: Their Role in Various Biological Activities Azaphilones which can be isolated from various natural resources like fungi and plant have range of potent biological activities that can be exploited against various diseases. Structure of numerous azaphilones has already been described. The present review talks about activities of azaphilones like anti cancerous, anti HIV, anti nematicidal, anti-bacterial, antifungal which have been extensively explored and efforts are going on to use azaphilones in drug formulation. This review is an effort to shift focus from complex synthetic products to natural products which are known to have to less toxicity... Read More

Research on Marine Megafauna

Image Marine megafauna are iconic and charismatic. The threatened or endangered status of many species, the great economic importance of some taxa and their frequent role as keystone species in ecosystems has resulted in many becoming flagships for research by both professional and citizen scientists. The body size and mobility of marine megafauna means that their populations tend to be spread across wide ranges, multiple management jurisdictions and national boundaries. In contrast, research efforts are often compartmentalized, separated by both geography and approach. These barriers to progress have begun falling away in recent years, as researchers recognize the imperative to pool... Read More

Biology and Evolutionary History of Mesosaurs, the Oldest Known Aquatic Reptiles

Image Mesosaurs are among the most amazing extinct animals; they are the oldest known reptiles that developed aquatic adaptations, although how terrestrial their ancestors had become remains to be established; they are the only known vertebrates from Gondwana at the Early Permian and they are represented by thousands of well preserved and almost complete skeletons. Mesosaurs were capable of inhabiting cold and salty water bodies resulting from the drought of an originally large inland sea that extended over what is now South America and Africa. So far, mesosaurs are the only tetrapods known from a depauperate ecosystem that included pygocephalomorph crustaceans,... Read More

Is brain cancer a death sentence?

Image A brain tumor occurs when abnormal cells form within the brain. There are two main types of tumors: cancerous (malignant) tumors and benign (non-cancerous) tumors. Cancerous tumors can be divided into primary tumors, which start within the brain, and secondary tumors, which have spread from elsewhere, known as brain metastasis tumors. All types of brain tumors may produce symptoms that vary depending on the part of the brain involved. These symptoms may include headaches, seizures, problems with vision, vomiting and mental changes. The headache is classically worse in the morning and goes away with vomiting. Other symptoms may include... Read More

Muscles most Commonly Affected by Myasthenia gravis

Image Myasthenia gravis (MG) is a long-term neuromuscular disease that leads to varying degrees of skeletal muscle weakness. The most commonly affected muscles are those of the eyes, face, and swallowing. It can result in double vision, drooping eyelids, trouble talking,and trouble walking. Onset can be sudden. Those affected often have a large thymus or develop a thymoma. The initial, main symptom in MG is painless weakness of specific muscles, not fatigue. The muscle weakness becomes progressively worse during periods of physical activity and improves after periods of rest. In about two-thirds of individuals, the initial symptom of MG is related to the muscles around the eye. There may be eyelid... Read More

Exercise and Sports Medicine

Image Exercise and Sports Medicine Exercise is significant to health and well-being. The introduction of exercise and physical activity into daily life promotes health, fitness, strength, endurance, performance, and quality of life. I would like to know your interest and time in submitting an article for the upcoming issue of 2020. You may submit your papers as an attachment to this email or online at: https://www.scholarscentral.org/submission/allied-medical-research.html. How we work: After submission, an acknowledgement with manuscript number is sent to the corresponding author within 7 working days. A 21 day window time frame is allotted for peer-review process wherein multiple experts... Read More

UNCOVER NOVEL FACT FINDINGS WITH BIOMEDICAL RESEARCH

Image UNCOVER NOVEL FACT FINDINGS WITH BIOMEDICAL RESEARCH Biomedical Research is helmed by extremely talented Editorial Board Members with an aim to support our mission, values, and commitment to providing a high-quality experience to our authors. BMR is an open-access journal that investigates and publishes articles of provocative issues and perspectives in the field of Biology research, reflecting global practices. The Biomedical Research is an open access, peer-reviewed journal that is published keeping in mind the requirements of the scientific community. The journal is dedicated to keeping its readers informed of the... Read More

Advanced Biomedical imaging: Globalize Your Research

Image Biomedical imaging is the technique and process of creating visual representations of a body's interior for clinical analysis and medical intervention, and visual representation of the function of certain organs or tissues (physiology). Medical imaging aims to reveal internal structures that are hidden by the skin and bones, and to diagnose and treat disease. Medical imaging also establishes a database of normal anatomy and physiology so that anomalies can be identified. While imaging of removed organs and tissues can be performed for medical reasons, such procedures are usually considered as part of pathology rather than medical imaging. Biomedical imaging... Read More

“Good Health and Nutrition are two of life's greatest blessings!!! Share your valuable work”

Image On behalf of the Journal of Food Nutrition & Health, as Editor-in-Chief, it is my distinct honour on behalf of our Journal and we are privileged to welcome Analytical Society to our journal. As Editor-In-Chief it is my great pleasure and honour to introduce you to the Journal of Food Nutrition & Health. Journal of Food Nutrition & Health publishes literature reviews focused on key findings and recent research in all areas of interest to nutritional scientists and biomedical researchers. This would include nutrition-related research efforts directed toward... Read More

“Let the world explore your contribution to Food Nutrition & Health Research”

Image On behalf of the Journal of Food Nutrition & Health, as Editor-in-Chief, it is my distinct honour on behalf of our Journal and we are privileged to welcome Analytical Society to our journal. As Editor-In-Chief it is my great pleasure and honour to introduce you to the Journal of Food Nutrition & Health. Nutrition is the science that elucidates the interactions of nutrients and other substances in food. It includes intake of food, considered in relation to the body’s dietary needs. Good nutrition is an adequate, healthy balanced diet combined with... Read More

Early Avian Evolution

Image Our understanding of Mesozoic birds has expanded and evolved enormously over the past two decades, reflecting important discoveries from around the world. Most recently, information from 99-Ma-old birds trapped in Burmese amber is complementing the wealth of data extracted from Early Cretaceous Lagerstätten in China and Spain. Expanding knowledge of early avian morphological diversity, combined with inferences derived from exceptionally preserved soft tissues, is rapidly changing our perception of stem avians, revealing unexpected complexity and homoplasy in both the transition from non-avian dinosaurs to birds and the evolution of the crown avian condition, and providing unprecedented insights into the biology... Read More

The Impact of Weather on the Behavior and Ecology of Birds

Image Weather conditions affect animals in many different ways. Variation in temperature, rainfall, wind, and other environmental variables can have an impact at a range of temporal and spatial scales and at every level from individual behavior to species distributions. The interactions between these variables may be particularly important but are often overlooked. Hence, understanding how animals respond to weather conditions is a fundamental topic in evolution, ecology, and conservation, especially in a time of major environmental change. Birds are an ideal group in which to investigate these relationships because they occur in almost every ecosystem across the globe, exploit a... Read More

Novel Research and Therapeutic Challenges in Cancer

Image Cancer Science Malignancy Science is a wide-going field that manages disease research and treatment. Malignant growth, when estimated as a lethal ailment, however at this point with an advancement in the disease inquire about the circumstance has changed. It is estimated as an enormous accomplishment as there are various treatments accessible presently to treat and analyse the malignant growth. The targeted cancer therapy is one of the premium therapies in treating cancer as it involves, the treating of the cancer cells by targeting and inhibiting the specific molecules that are need for the tumor... Read More

Fats are lipids

Image Fats are elegant little molecules, each one made of three long hydrocarbon tails attached to a little coathanger-like molecule called glycerol. Like the other large biological molecules, they play essential roles in the biology of humans and other organisms. (Also, many recent dietary studies see sugar as causing a lot more health problems than fat!) Fats are just one type of lipid, a category of molecules united by their inability to mix well with water. Lipids tend to be hydrophobic, nonpolar, and made up mostly of hydrocarbon chains, though there are some variations on... Read More

Invitation for Special Issue: Journal of Clinical Immunology and Therapy

Image Journal of Cancer Immunology and Therapy is an academic journal and aims to publish most complete and reliable source of information on the discoveries and current developments in the mode of original articles, review articles, case reports, short communications, etc. in all areas of the field and making them freely available through online without any restrictions or any other subscriptions to researchers worldwide. The journal selects the articles to be published with a single bind, peer review system, following the practices of good scholarly journals. It supports the open access policy of making scientific research accessible to one and... Read More

Different Routes of Administration for Antibiotic Treatment

Image Journal of Immunoadjuvant Therapies for Sepsis that publishes original research articles, review articles, and clinical studies focusing on the prevention, diagnosis, and management of Immunoadjuvant Therapies for Sepsis and associated disorders. The journal publishes reviews and papers of international interest describing original research concerned with clinical and experimental aspects of Sepsis. There are many different routes of administration for antibiotic treatment. Antibiotics are usually taken by mouth. In more severe cases, particularly deep-seated systemic infections, antibiotics can be given intravenously or by injection. Where the site of infection is easily accessed, antibiotics may be given topically in the form of eye drops onto the conjunctiva for conjunctivitis or ear drops for ear infections and... Read More

Medical Research Innovation

Image Medical Research Innovation Medical research involves research in a wide range of fields, such as biology, chemistry, pharmacology and toxicology with the goal of developing new medicines or medical procedures or improving the application of those already available. It can be viewed as encompassing preclinical research (for example, in cellular systems and animal models) and clinical research (for example, clinical trials). I would like to know your interest and time in submitting an article for the upcoming issue of 2020. You may submit your papers as an attachment to this email or online at: https://www.scholarscentral.org/submission/allied-medical-research.html. How we work: After... Read More

“Better Innovations in Cardiovascular Medicine & Therapeutics.”

Image Journal of Cardiovascular Medicine and Therapeutics will join world-class teachers, scientists, Surgeons and cardiologists to submit their valuable research for ailment remediation for heart diseses etc. Journal of Cardiovascular Medicine and Therapeutics is devoted to Cardiovascular Medicine in the broadest sense. Both basic research and clinical papers can be submitted. Journal of Cardiovascular Medicine and Therapeutics is a high-quality, online, open-access, single-blind peer-reviewed journal published by the Allied academies  Publishing Group. It accepts both solicited and unsolicited manuscripts. Articles published in thus journal are high-quality,... Read More

“A good heart 'is worth golden health.”

Image Journal of Cardiovascular Medicine and Therapeutics will join world-class teachers, scientists, Surgeons and cardiologists to submit their valuable research for ailment remediation for heart diseses etc. Journal of Cardiovascular Medicine and Therapeutics is devoted to Cardiovascular Medicine in the broadest sense. Both basic research and clinical papers can be submitted. The journal serves the interest of both clinicians and researchers. In addition to original papers, we are launching a range of new manuscript types, including Consensus and Position Papers, Systematic Reviews, Meta-analyses, and Short communications.... Read More

“A fit body, a calm mind, a house full of love. These things cannot be bought – they must be earned.”

Image On behalf of the Journal of Food Nutrition & Health, as Editor-in-Chief, it is my distinct honour on behalf of our Journal and we are privileged to welcome Analytical Society to our journal. As Editor-In-Chief it is my great pleasure and honour to introduce you to the Journal of Food Nutrition & Health. Nutrition is a basic human need and a prerequisite for healthy life. A proper diet is essential from very early age of life for growth, development and active life. Nutrition is the science that deals with all the... Read More

“Without your health, you've got nothing going on”

Image On behalf of the Journal of Food Nutrition & Health, as Editor-in-Chief, it is my distinct honour on behalf of our Journal and we are privileged to welcome Analytical Society to our journal. As Editor-In-Chief it is my great pleasure and honour to introduce you to the Journal of Food Nutrition & Health. Nutrition is a basic human need and a prerequisite for healthy life. A proper diet is essential from very early age of life for growth, development and active life. Nutrition is the science that deals with all the various factors of... Read More

Intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma is a cancer that develops in the cells within the bile ducts.

Image Cholangiocarcinoma, also known as bile duct cancer, is a type of cancer that forms in the bile ducts. Symptoms of cholangiocarcinoma may include abdominal pain, yellowish skin, weight loss, generalized itching, and fever. Light colored stool or dark urine may also occur. Other biliary tract cancers include gallbladder cancer and cancer of the ampulla of Vater. Risk factors for cholangiocarcinoma include primary sclerosing cholangitis (an inflammatory disease of the bile ducts), ulcerative colitis, cirrhosis, hepatitis C, hepatitis B, infection with certain liver fluke, and some congenital liver malformations. However, most people have no identifiable risk factors. The diagnosis is... Read More

Microbiology of Dental Caries

Image Microbiology of Dental Caries Dental caries can be defined as a localised and chemical loss of the tooth structure caused by the metabolic activity of dental biofilm that covers the tooth surface. This loss is reversible, especially in its early stages. The final outcome of dental caries is determined by multiple factors such as saliva, exposure to fluoride, and sugar dietary consumptions, which influence the dynamic balance between the demineralisation and remineralisation processes. Dental caries can be developed in any part of the tooth surface: enamel, dentine or cementum. However, it is more common in the sites wherein the dental... Read More

Microbial Biotechnology

Image Microbial Biotechnology Microbes (or microorganisms) are organisms that are too small to be seen by the unaided eye. The wide variety of microbial habitats reflects an enormous diversity of biochemical and metabolic traits that have arisen by genetic variation and natural selection in microbial populations. Research in the Department of Microbial Biotechnology focusses on microbes of environmental, industrial or clinical relevance.  Our work includes several approaches based on molecular genetics, systems and synthetic biology, genomics, proteomics and metagenomics.  The scientific objectives of the department include five complementary aspects of microbial biology: Environmental Microbiology: We study the regulatory mechanisms that degrade... Read More

Nutrition & Exercise

Image Regular exercise with a well-balanced diet will change your mood and energy levels. More importantly, consistently eating well and exercising will improve your health and extend your lifespan. The guidelines are relatively simple: engage in at least 150 minutes of aerobic exercise and two full-body strength training sessions each week and eat a nutritionally diverse diet, low in fat and sodium, but high in fiber. Energy If you eat healthy, small snacks and meals throughout the day, you'll keep your blood sugar from crashing and feel more energetic. If you hit... Read More

Physiology of Ventricular tachycardia

Image Journal of Pharmacology and Therapeutic Research is an open access, peer reviewed journal that focuses on the interdisciplinary research offering therapeutic solutions to various neurological, genetics, psychological, and respiratory issues affecting the human beings. Ventricular tachycardia (V-tach or VT) is a type of regular, fast heart rate that arises from improper electrical activity in the ventricles of the heart. Although a few seconds may not result in problems, longer periods are dangerous. Short periods may occur without symptoms, or present with lightheadedness, palpitations, or chest pain.  It is found initially in about 7% of people in cardiac arres. Physiology The morphology of the tachycardia depends on its cause and the origin... Read More

Recent News: Is Bitcoins the Gateway to Currencies of the Future?

Image This paper provides an overview on the viability and performance of bitcoins as a payment alternative. The history of the Crypto-currency is briefly covered followed by the operation and potential technology failure. The paper then discusses consumer acceptance of bitcoins by analyzing a survey conducted by and the positive and negative observation of the results will be discussed. Fiat Currencies, Traditional E-commerce and Alt-Coin are identified as bitcoins direct competitors and a comparison done on bitcoins against its competitors. The regulatory issues and the legality of bitcoin are also discussed. For many years, financial intermediaries play an important... Read More

Recent News: Dynamic Interelationship between Macroeconomic Fundamentals and Stock Prices in Nigeria.

Image This paper investigated the dynamic interrelationship between macroeconomic fundamentals and stock prices in Nigeria using time series data spanning from 1980 to 2016. The study made use of co-integration test and the error correction mechanism. Empirical estimates revealed pointedly that there is a long run correlation between macroeconomic fundamentals and stock prices in Nigeria. Similarly, in the short run, the previous values of money supply and interest rate were found to demonstrate a significant effect on stock prices. Also, the previous value of stock market return was found to show significant influence on the current stock prices. Markedly, the results... Read More

Ichthyobodo Infection in Fish

Image Fish Lice and Leeches Whether fish live in an aquarium, a pond, or in saltwater, they are at risk for being infected by parasites. Some parasites are particular to the type of water, but one parasite that infects fish living in all three types of water is the protozoan parasite Ichthyobodo.  Reasons for Ichthyobodo infection  The most common instigator of this protozoan parasite infection is stress due to poor sanitary conditions and overcrowding of the aquarium, tank or pond. Stress leads to a weakened immune system, which leads to vulnerability to this parasite. Even overfeeding can stress the fish and lead to parasitic... Read More

Herpesvirus Diseases in Fish

Image Herpesvirus Diseases in Fish   Herpes virus is not only a human virus; it can just as easily infect fishes, too. In fishes, herpes virus infections can cause a variety of diseases; including those can be fatal to the animal.  Channel Catfish Virus (CCV) is a serious herpes virus infection in the fry and fingerling -- both fish young -- of the channel catfish. CCV usually infects weak fishes that are stressed due to shipping and handling, a lack of oxygen in the water, or chemically treated water. Fishes which are older have higher survival rates than younger fishes, and those... Read More

Antioxidants and Endothelial Dysfunction in Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus

Image             A substantial amount of evidence has demonstrated that diabetes is highly associated with oxidative stress and endothelial dysfunction. Diabetics are characterized by low plasma level of both enzymatic and non-enzymatic antioxidant defenses, which make their cells prone to oxidative attack. It is also well recognized that endothelial dysfunction, which is present even in people at risk of developing diabetes, is strongly connected with oxidative stress and considered as a preliminary risk factor for the development of atherosclerosis and cardiovascular disease. Infect, Diabetes itself is currently recognized as an oxidative stress disorder. Oxidative stresses per se... Read More

Supra-trochlear foramen and its clinical significance

Image Supra-trochlear foramen and its clinical significance   A thin plate of bone which separates the coronoid fossa in front and the olecranon fossa behind of humerus is known as the coronoid-olecranon septum (COS). This septum is lined in fresh state by the synovial membrane of elbow joint and its thickness varies from 0.5mm to 1cm. Sometimes, this thin bony plate becomes transparent or may contain several perforationsor in some humeri it may become perforated to form a foramenwhich is known as supra-trochlear foramen (STF) or septal aperture. In 1825, Meckel described this foramen. This thin plate is... Read More

What is pulmonary hypertension?

Image Pulmonary hypertension (PH or PHTN) is a condition of increased blood pressure within the arteries of the lungs. Symptoms include shortness of breath, syncope, tiredness, chest pain, swelling of the legs, and a fast heartbeat. The condition may make it difficult to exercise. Onset is typically gradual. The cause is often unknown. Risk factors include a family history, prior blood clots in the lungs, HIV/AIDS, sickle cell disease, cocaine use, COPD, sleep apnea, living at high altitudes, and problems with the mitral valve. The underlying mechanism typically involves inflammation of the arteries in the lungs. Diagnosis involves... Read More

Determining the Possible Ways to Cure and Prevent Breast Cancer

Image Breast cancer staging describes how much cancer is in the body which is treated with chemotherapy, hormone therapy, and drugs. It has both medical and pathologic staging systems for breast cancer. The pathologic stage also called the medical stage is determined by examining tissue removed during an operation. If surgery is not conceivable, sometimes right away cancer will be given a clinical stage instead. Imaging tests like x-rays, CT scans, MRIs, ultrasound, and PET scans may also give information about how much and where cancer is in the body. In the... Read More

Mechanisms of tumor evasion from the immune response

Image Tumor cells have developed various mechanisms to escape immune surveillance • CD8+ cytotoxic T cells are a fundamental element of anti-tumor immunity. Their TCR receptors recognise antigens presented by MHC class I and when bound, the Tc cell triggers its cytotoxic activity. MHC I are present on the surface of all nucleated cells. However, some cancer cells lower their MHC I expression and avoid being detected by the cytotoxic T cells. This can be done by mutation of MHC I gene or by lowering the sensitivity to IFN-γ (which influences the surface expression of MHC I). Tumor cells also... Read More

Pancreatic cancer arises when cells in the pancreas multiply out of control and form a mass

Image Pancreatic cancer arises when cells in the pancreas, a glandular organ behind the stomach, begin to multiply out of control and form a mass. These cancerous cells have the ability to invade other parts of the body. There are a number of types of pancreatic cancer. The most common, pancreatic adenocarcinoma, accounts for about 85% of cases, and the term "pancreatic cancer" is sometimes used to refer only to that type. These adenocarcinomas start within the part of the pancreas which makes digestive enzymes. Several other types of cancer, which collectively represent the majority of the non-adenocarcinomas, can also... Read More

Secondary Metabolites: Source of Antibiotics

Image Metabolites are the intermediates and products of metabolism and are usually restricted to small molecules. The term “secondary” introduced by A. Kossel in 1891 implies that while primary metabolites are present in every living cell capable of dividing, the secondary metabolites are present only incidentally and are not of paramount significance for organism’s life. Though secondary metabolites are derived from primary metabolism, they do not make up basic molecular skeleton of the organism. Its absence does not immediately curtail the life of an organism, a feature contrary to primary metabolite, but... Read More

Nutrition for a Healthy Glowing Skin

Image The beauty of the skin is that you can affect it from both inside and out. Eating plenty of fruits and vegetables rich in antioxidants is good for your whole body, including your skin. Antioxidants such as beta-carotene and vitamins C, E, and A can curb the damage caused by unstable molecules known as free radicals. These molecules can harm skin cells and cause signs of aging. One of the best ways to get more antioxidants is to eat a wide variety of fruits and vegetables. The ideal way to get the ... Read More

“Bless Your Heart. Live Smart.”

Image ​​ Journal of Cardiovascular Medicine and Therapeutics is a monthly Open Access Publication. It publishes original research articles, epidemiological studies, new methodological clinical approaches, case reports, design and goals of clinical trials, review articles, points of view, editorials and Images in cardiovascular medicine.   Submitted articles undergo a preliminary review by the editor. Articles being considered for publication will undergo further assessment and peer-review by the editors and those invited to do so from a reviewer pool. ​ The Cardiovascular Diseases affecting the developed world have at their core atherosclerosis and Hypertension, both of which are profoundly affected by diet... Read More

Insights of Dosage form Design: Polymorphs and Cocrystals

Image Insights of Dosage form Design: Polymorphs and Cocrystals Formulators are charged with the responsibility to formulate a bioequivalent product (in case of ANDA) product which is physically and chemically stable, manufacturable at commercial scale. Different crystal structures in polymorphs arise when the drug substance crystallizes in different crystal packing arrangements and/or different conformations. Besides, Polymorphs cocrystallization is now important method to achieve crystalline forms of molecules where alternative polymorphs or salts or solvates are desired. Regulatory road map for polymorphs approval is quite clear and for cocrystals draft guidance is on scientific advisory form public. From Intellectual property perspectives polymorphs... Read More

Nanopharmaceuticals: A New Perspective of Drug Delivery System

Image Nanopharmaceuticals: A New Perspective of Drug Delivery System Nano-sized objects can be transformed in numerous ways to alter their characteristics. Drug molecules sized in nanometre range provide some unique features which can lead to prolonged circulation, improved drug localization, enhanced drug efficacy etc.; and these increased performance come through a variety of dosage forms. In fact, wide spectrum application of nanotechnology in pharmaceutical formulations is changing the scientific landscape of prevention, diagnosis and treatment of diseases. Various pharmaceutical nanotechnology based systems which can be termed as Nanopharmaceuticals like liposomes, carbon nanotubes, quantum dots, dendrimaers, polymeric nanoparticles, metallic... Read More

What Causes Fish-Handler's Disease?

Image What Causes Fish-Handler's Disease? The disease has so many names because so many different outbreaks have been associated with occupations (fishermen or lobstermen), hobbies (tropical fish tanks, pet shop workers), or water sports (boating, swimming pool use). Researchers also discovered that at least two different genera of bacteria (Mycobacterium and Erysipelothrix) were the main causative infective agents of the disease. These findings added to the proliferation of names. Causes Fish-Handler's Disease This is an erysipeloid infection, which means it is caused by an infection which resembles erysipelas but is caused by a different organism than that which causes erysipelas. Handling... Read More

Food Nutrition & Health is the essential key to all successful healing

Image Journal of Food Nutrition & Health aims to accumulate the scientists and feel fortunate to invite the scientist’s from all over the world to submit their valuable research in our peer reviewed journal. Journal invites all the researchers across the universe such as eminent researchers, professors, scientists, students, principal scientist, research scholars and entrepreneur to get awareness about Nutrition in the matter. Journal of Food Nutrition & Health is a multi-disciplinary field including science, organic chemistry, nourishment, microbiology, and engineering to give one the logical learning to tackle genuine issues related... Read More

The impact of Renin-angiotensin system blockers on lung cancers prognosis

Image The impact of Renin-angiotensin system blockers on lung cancers prognosis Background and objective: The impact of antihypertensive medications angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors (ACEIs) and angiotensin receptor blockers (ARBs) on the clinical outcomes of lung cancer patients remains controversial. This meta-analysis was conducted to investigate the association between ACEIs/ARBs usage and survival of lung cancer patients.  Methods: Eligible studies were identified by searching Pubmed, Embase and Cochrane library up to February, 2017. Pooled hazard ratios (HRs) with 95% confidence intervals (CIs) were calculated for the effect of ACEIs/ARBs on survival of lung cancer. Heterogeneity and sensitivity were also analyzed. Results: We finally... Read More

“Let food be thy medicine and medicine be thy food.”

Image On behalf of the Journal of Food Nutrition & Health, as Editor-in-Chief, it is my distinct honour and privilege to inform you that Journal of Food Nutrition & Health is a peer-reviewed scientific journal that offers pioneering research exploring the association of food and nutrition in promoting healthy living.   Journal of Food Nutrition & Health is a multi-disciplinary field including science, organic chemistry, nourishment, microbiology, and engineering to give one the logical learning to tackle genuine issues related to the numerous aspects of the nourishment framework. A healthy diet includes... Read More

Hypertrophic Cardiomyopathy

Image Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM) is a condition in which a portion of the heart becomes thickened without an obvious cause. This results in the heart being less able to pump blood effectively.Symptoms vary from none to feeling tired, leg swelling, and shortness of breath. It may also result in chest pain or fainting.Complications include heart failure, an irregular heartbeat, and sudden cardiac death. HCM is most commonly inherited from a person's parents.It is often due to mutations in certain genes involved with making heart muscle proteins. Other causes may include Fabry disease, Friedreich's ataxia, and certain medications such... Read More

Metal levels in commercial pelagic fishes and their contribution

Image Metal levels in commercial pelagic fishes and their contribution Heavy metals naturally occur in marine environment and may enter in biota including fish as a result of anthropogenic activities such as industrial; urbanization and agricultural processes. The metals in fish as food are being particular concern in relation to harmful effects on public health. Four commercially important pelagic fish Sarda sarda; Pomatomus saltatrix; Trachurus mediterraneus and Engraulis encrasicolus were captured in four of the most important fishing municipalities in the southern Black Sea coasts; to determine the levels of heavy metals in the muscle and to evaluate... Read More

Medical Use of Biomarkers

Image A biomarker is a biological characteristic that is objectively measured and evaluated as an indicator of normal biological or pathological processes, or a response to a therapeutic intervention. Examples include patterns of gene expression, levels of a particular protein in body fluids, or changes in electrical activity in the brain. The World Health Organisation definition of a biomarker includes the statement: ‘any measurement reflecting an interaction between a biological system and a potential hazard, which may be chemical, physical, or biological. The measured response may be functional and physiological, biochemical at the cellular level, or a molecular... Read More

Balanced Diet is Healthy Eating

Image In order to lead a healthy life, it is essential to follow a balanced diet. Balanced diet is associated with good health, prevention of diseases and recovery from illnesses. A healthy and balanced diet protects against malnutrition in all its forms and against all non-communicable diseases too. Eating unhealthy food and lack of physical activity are major risk factors for various diseases. There is no one such particular food item that can provide entire nutrition to our body for optimum functioning, so in order to have a balanced diet we need to have a... Read More

Network meta-analysis of the effectiveness of various drugs in preventing allergic hypersensitivity in patients after anesthesia

Image Network meta-analysis of the effectiveness of various drugs in preventing allergic hypersensitivity in patients after anesthesia Objective: To explore the effect of different drugs on postoperative hyperalgesia in general anesthesia patients. Methods: A randomized controlled trial was conducted to detect the hyperalgesia of patients with general anesthesia from PubMed, Embase, Medline, CNKI and Wanfang databases. The visual analogue scale (VAS) assessment of hyperalgesia patients after anesthesia was extracted as well as the effects of various prophylactic agents on the incidence of side effects in postoperative patients. Multivariables meta-analysis was performed by Stata 14.0 software to explore the effectiveness of various... Read More

Innovations and Novel Approaches in Diagnosis and Treatment of different Cancers

Image Cancer Cell Biology & Genetics  Cancer is caused when cells within the body accumulate genetic mutations and start to grow in an uncontrolled manner. Understanding how cancer develops and progresses, including how gene mutations drive the growth and spread of cancer cells, and how tumours interact with their surrounding environment, is vital for the discovery of new targeted cancer treatments Cancer & Stem Cell Therapy Stem-cell therapy is the use of stem cells to treat or prevent a disease or condition. Stem Cells and Tumours cancer cells also have the... Read More

Journal of Cancer Immunology and Therapy extends the date till March 31st 2020 for “Free Annual Publication with One Time Membership Fee”.

Image Journal of Cancer Immunology and Therapy is an academic journal and aims to publish most complete and reliable source of information on the discoveries and current developments in the mode of original articles, review articles, case reports, short communications, etc. in all areas of the field and making them freely available through online without any restrictions or any other subscriptions to researchers worldwide. The journal selects the articles to be published with a single bind, peer review system,... Read More

Physical properties of Chalcones

Image Journal of Pharmacology and Therapeutic Research is an open access, peer reviewed journal that focuses on the interdisciplinary research offering therapeutic solutions to various neurological, genetics, psychological, and respiratory issues affecting the human beings. Chalconoids Greek: χαλκός khalkós, "copper", due to its color), also known as chalcones, are natural phenols related to Chalcone. They form the central core for a variety of important biological compounds. They show antibacterial, antifungal, antitumor and anti-inflammatory properties. Some chalconoids demonstrated the ability to block voltage-dependent potassium channels. Chalcones are also natural aromatase inhibitors. Chalcones are aromatic ketones with two phenyl rings that are also intermediates in the synthesis of many biological compounds. The closure... Read More

3D Modelling of Mammalian Embryos and Organs

Image   During the past few years, mammalian development has been extended in vitro beyond the pre-implantation and post-implantation period. The exploitation of three dimensional (3D) culture systems has allowed to recapitulate gastrulation and, with the creation of organoids that summarize the process of organogenesis, to mimic the cellular organization and function of specific tissues and organs. The most recent advancements in computing science coupled with molecular technologies allowed a tremendous leap forward in our capacity to characterize the molecular networks of a large number of cell types. In addition, the evolution of imaging instruments and tools is radically changing the... Read More

Adjuvant chemotherapy is an approach to fighting cancer

Image Adjuvant chemotherapy is therapy that is given in addition to the primary or initial therapy to maximize its effectiveness. The surgeries and complex treatment regimens used in cancer therapy have led the term to be used mainly to describe adjuvant cancer treatments. An example of such adjuvant therapy is the additional treatment usually given after surgery where all detectable disease has been removed, but where there remains a statistical risk of relapse due to the presence of undetected disease. If known disease is left behind following surgery, then further treatment is not technically adjuvant. An adjuvant agent modifies the... Read More

Recent News: Financial soundness of deposit money banks in Nigeria: The camels model approach.

Image The objective of this paper is to analyze the performance of 10 selected deposit money banks in Nigeria using the simple random sampling technique over a period of fifteen years (2000-2015). The data were sourced from the audited annual reports from the Nigerian Stock Exchange. For this purpose, CAMELS model was used. The CAMELS model established that six of the banks namely; Banks A, B, C, D, E and G were graded as satisfactory (scale point 2) in their general performances based on the 5 point likert scale where 1 is the highest and 5 is the lowest whereas 4... Read More

Recent News: Effect of financial leverage on profit growth of quoted non-financial firms in Nigeria.

Image This study sets out to examine the effects of financial leverage on the profit growth in Nigeria using the total debt to capital ratio, debt to equity ratio, cost of debt, debt to asset ratio and long term debt to capital ratios as proxies for financial leverage for a sample of 80 non-financial firms quoted on the Nigerian Stock Exchange over the period of 2000 to 2015. Data were analysed using the panel data regression analysis model which includes the pooled regression model, fixed effect model and the random effect model. The choice of the appropriate model between Fixed Effect... Read More

The Development of Animal Personality

Image Although the topic of animal personality has generated much interest in recent years, the role of development is little understood. This collection of papers will deal with the development of animal personality. Topics will include the roles of the genetics and evolution of the development of personality, maternal and paternal effects, the potential role of predation risk, acoustic and visual effects, conspecific effects, and other environmental effects such as temperature. The organisms covered will include invertebrates such as insects, fishes, mammals, reptiles and birds. Contributors will include both beginning and experienced investigators in the field of animal personality. Personality traits... Read More

Future Directions in Research on Marine Megafauna

Image Marine megafauna are iconic and charismatic. The threatened or endangered status of many species, the great economic importance of some taxa and their frequent role as keystone species in ecosystems has resulted in many becoming flagships for research by both professional and citizen scientists. The body size and mobility of marine megafauna means that their populations tend to be spread across wide ranges, multiple management jurisdictions and national boundaries. In contrast, research efforts are often compartmentalized, separated by both geography and approach. These barriers to progress have begun falling away in recent years, as researchers recognize the imperative to pool... Read More

Pathogenicity

Image Pathogenicity Pathogenicity refers to the ability of an organism to cause disease (ie, harm the host). This ability represents a genetic component of the pathogen and the overt damage done to the host is a property of the host-pathogen interactions. Commensals and opportunistic pathogens lack this inherent ability to cause disease. However, disease is not an inevitable outcome of the host-pathogen interaction and, furthermore, pathogens can express a wide range of virulence. Virulence, a term often used interchangeably with pathogenicity, refers to the degree of pathology caused by the organism. The extent of the virulence is usually correlated with the... Read More

Challenges in Early detection treatment and prevention possibilities

Image Oncology: Oncology is a branch of science that deals with identification, treatment of cancer. Cancer has become one of the major cause of death in the recent times. Among many types of cancers most common types of cancers seen in women are breast cancer, cervical cancer, lung cancer, skin cancer. Cancers are often managed through therapy like chemotherapy, radiation therapy. Breast Cancer Cervical Cancer Ovarian Cancer Breast Cancer: Breast cancer is the most common kind of cancer being diagnosed in women.  Breast Cancer is commonly identified by a lump... Read More

Conceptualize the Trends in Oncological Research

Image When the body's control mechanism disruptions working properly and the cells remain no longer normal, they start growing abnormally and uncontrollably, hence causing Cancer. Old cells do not die and as an alternative grow out of control, forming new, abnormal cells. These extra cells may arrangement a mass of tissue, called a tumor. A tumor can be benign and malignant as well. Benign tumours lack the capacity to metastasize whereas malignant are life-threatening and metastasize which leads to cancer. There are different types of cancers. Despite of their arrivals to grow, divide & re-divide... Read More

Call for all the Esteemed Authors to Expertise their Research in the Field of Cancer

Image Journal of Cancer Immunology &Therapy is a monthly, esteemed Open Access and Peer reviewed journal which focuses on recent improvements, advance scientific contributions in the field of cancer Immunology and therapy. Our Journal promulgates all the recent clinical practices that have taken part in this field. Our Editorial Board members are over whelmed by the response and eagerness of the academic and research contributors to publish with the journal and take part in submissions of the scientific work in the mode of manuscripts. During this year we look forward to taking some initiatives that would encourage and... Read More

Water Sciences and Technology

Image Hydrology is the science that encompasses the occurrence, distribution, movement and properties of the waters of the earth and their relationship with the environment within each phase of the hydrologic cycle. The water cycle, or hydrologic cycle, is a continuous process by which water is purified by evaporation and transported from the earth's surface (including the oceans) to the atmosphere and back to the land and oceans. All of the physical, chemical and biological processes involving water as it travels its various paths in the atmosphere, over and beneath the earth's surface and through growing plants, are... Read More

“Beating the Nutritional Disorders Leading a Healthy Lifestyle”.

Image On behalf of the Journal of Food Nutrition & Health, as Editor-in-Chief, it is my distinct honour and privilege to inform you that  Journal of Food Nutrition & Health is a peer-reviewed scientific journal that offers pioneering research exploring the association of food and nutrition in promoting healthy living. The Journal of Food Nutrition & Health will explore the relationships between diet, gut function, gut pathologies and systemic health, taking as its focus recent developments in the field and areas of Nutrition. The Journal is structured, allowing a... Read More

Facts of Climate Change

Image On Earth, human activities are changing the natural greenhouse. Over the last century the burning of fossil fuels like coal and oil has increased the concentration of atmospheric carbon dioxide (CO2). This happens because the coal or oil burning process combines carbon with oxygen in the air to make CO2. To a lesser extent, the clearing of land for agriculture, industry, and other human activities has increased concentrations of greenhouse gases. The consequences of changing the natural atmospheric greenhouse are difficult to predict, but certain effects seem likely: On average, Earth will become warmer. Some regions... Read More

Prebiotics: Healthy Bacteria for Body

Image Prebiotics are classified as the non-digestible food ingredients that probiotics can feed off. They are used in the gut to increase populations of healthy bacteria, aid digestion and enhance the production of valuable vitamins. Good bacteria play a significant role in regulating immune system, inhibiting the growth of pathogens (disease causing bacteria) and digesting food. Galactooligosaccharides (GOS) are the most advanced form of prebiotics which belong to a group of particular nutrient fibres that feed and encourage the growth of good bacteria in the gut. Source of Prebiotics The major source of prebiotics is... Read More

Nutraceuticals in Life

Image It is when a functional food aids in the prevention and/or treatment of disease and/or disorder(s) other than anemia, it is called a Nutraceutical. Over the past few years, an increasing number of dietary supplements have become available in supermarkets and health food shops and they are also available for purchase in pharmacies. The term “nutraceutical” is used to describe these medicinally or nutritionally functional foods. Nutraceuticals, which have also been called medical foods, designer foods, phytochemicals, functional foods and nutritional supplements, include such everyday products as “bio” yoghurts and fortified breakfast cereals, as well as vitamins,... Read More

Antimicrobial Agents

Image An antimicrobial is an agent that kills microorganisms or stops their growth. Antimicrobial medicines can be grouped according to the microorganisms they act primarily against. For example, antibiotics are used against bacteria and antifungals are used against fungi. They can also be classified according to their function. Agents that kill microbes are called microbicidal, while those that merely inhibit their growth are called biostatic. The use of antimicrobial medicines to treat infection is known as antimicrobial chemotherapy, while the use of antimicrobial medicines to prevent infection is known as antimicrobial prophylaxis. The main classes of antimicrobial agents are disinfectants... Read More

Instructions for Authors: Journal of Clinical Immunology and Therapy

Image Journal of Cancer Immunology and Therapy is a peer-reviewed, open access journal that reflects articles on all types of tumor immunology. The journal serves as a forum for new concepts and advances in basic Cancer Discovery, Cancer Epidemiology, Biomarkers & Prevention, Cancer Immunology Research, Cancer Surgery, Advances in Cancer Prevention, Breast Cancer, Cancer Biology, Cancer Treatment, Cancer Management and Research, Integrative Cancer Therapies, Clinical cancer immunology and therapy. Guidelines for Authors All authors of accepted manuscripts warrant that the manuscript is original and has not been submitted for publication or published elsewhere. All the authors further warrant that, where... Read More

Swim Bladder Disorder in Aquarium Fish

Image Swim Bladder Disorder in Aquarium Fish Swim bladder disease, also called swim bladder disorder or flipover, is a common ailment in aquarium fish. The swim bladder is an internal gas-filled organ that contributes to the ability of a fish to control its buoyancy, and thus to stay at the current water depth without having to waste energy in swimming. A fish with swim bladder disorder can float nose down tail up, or can float to the top or sink to the bottom of the aquarium. Symptoms of Swim Bladder Disorder Fish suffering from swim bladder disorder exhibit a variety of... Read More

Kaposi's sarcoma-associated herpesvirus

Image Kaposi's sarcoma (KS) is a type of cancer that can form masses in the skin, lymph nodes, or other organs. The skin lesions are usually purple in color. They can occur singularly, in a limited area, or be widespread. It may worsen either gradually or quickly. Lesions may be flat or raised. Human herpesvirus 8 (HHV8) is found in the lesions of all those who are affected. Risk factors include poor immune function, either as a result of disease or specific medications, and chronic lymphedema. Treatment is based on the sub-type, whether the condition is localized or widespread, and... Read More

Apprehensions and issues related to pacu Piaractus brachypomus farming in India

Image Apprehensions and issues related to pacu Piaractus brachypomus farming in India In India, recently introduced pacu fish farming is picking up fast without envisaging scientific track to promote or regulate it. The unofficially introduced pacu in India is projected to be Piaractus brachypomus relying on the identifying characteristics. However, the species available in aquaculture and that in aquarium trade is yet to be scientifically validated. The identification of juvenile fish available at hatcheries, farms and aquarium shops based on morphological features may not be correct particularly when possibility of existing different species of pacu and their interspecific... Read More

Comparative Study of Liver Enzymes Activities in Smokers and Diabetic Sudanese Patients

Image Comparative Study of Liver Enzymes Activities in Smokers and Diabetic Sudanese Patients liver function can be affected by many factors; the proposed effects of diabetes and smoking in liver function require a comprehensive evaluation. This study was conducted to compare the effect of these factors on liver enzymes in Sudanese population. Method: activity of liver enzyme AST, ALT and ALP were estimated in 235 volunteer (75 smokers, 75 diabetic patients and 85 normal individual as control). Results: Mean±SD of AST, ALT and ALP of smoker were (14±5.9), (27±13) and (105±18.9) respectively, and of diabetic were (25±7.8), (28±5.8)... Read More

The median survival time with glioblastoma

Image Glioblastoma, also known as glioblastoma multiforme (GBM), is the most aggressive cancer that begins within the brain. Initially, signs and symptoms of glioblastoma are nonspecific. They may include headaches, personality changes, nausea, and symptoms similar to those of a stroke. Worsening of symptoms often is rapid, and may progress to unconsciousness. The cause of most cases is unclear. Uncommon risk factors include genetic disorders, such as neurofibromatosis and Li–Fraumeni syndrome, and previous radiation therapy. Glioblastomas represent 15% of brain tumors. They can either start from normal brain cells or develop from an existing low-grade astrocytoma. The diagnosis typically is... Read More

Glucose Caffeine Combo Can Improve Brain Activity Efficiency

Image Glucose Caffeine Combo Can Improve Brain Activity Efficiency According to a study, a glucose and caffeine combination can improve brain activity efficiency. Neural substrate for the combined effects of these 2 substances was identified making use of functional magnetic resonance imaging. The main study results were that the 2 substances combined improve cognitive performance in terms of working memory and sustained attention by increasing brain activity efficiency in the brain regions responsible for these 2 functions. This supports the notion of a synergistic effect between 2 substances, in which the effect of each one is boosted by the other. The... Read More

“Nutrition is an exciting, dynamic field”.

Image On behalf of the Journal of Food Nutrition & Health, as Editor-in-Chief, it is my distinct honour and privilege to inform you that  Journal of Food Nutrition & Health is a peer-reviewed scientific journal that offers pioneering research exploring the association of food and nutrition in promoting healthy living. Nutrition is described in Science and Human Medicine as the practice of eating food that the cells in the body need to stay alive. Nutrition research nowadays focuses primarily on metabolic pathways and biochemical ways of understanding how food substances we consume turn from one... Read More

“A good heart 'is worth gold.”

Image Journal of Cardiovascular Medicine and Therapeutics will join world-class teachers, scientists, Surgeons and cardiologists to submit their valuable research for ailment remediation for heart diseses etc. Journal of Cardiovascular Medicine and Therapeutics Journal is mainly focused to provide proficient vision into the pivotal concepts of Cardiology medicine. Journals emphasizes on topics like cardiac surgery, cardiovascular diseases, valvular heart disease, arrhythmias and pacing, acute coronary syndromes, cardiac imaging, aneurysm with the guidelines in preventing and providing strategic treatment.  The main motto of the Journal  is to gather the world class researchers on... Read More

Visible Features of Atherosclerosis

Image Journal of Pharmacology and Therapeutic Research is an open access, peer reviewed journal that focuses on the interdisciplinary research offering therapeutic solutions to various neurological, genetics, psychological, and respiratory issues affecting the human beings. Atherosclerosis is a disease in which the inside of an artery narrows due to the buildup of plaque. Initially, there are generally no symptoms. When severe, it can result in coronary artery disease, stroke, peripheral artery disease, or kidney problems, depending on which arteries are affected. Symptoms, if they occur, generally do not begin until middle age. Although arteries are not typically studied microscopically, two plaque types can be distinguished: The fibro-lipid... Read More

Age-related macular degeneration: A visual Illness

Image Age-related macular degeneration (AMD) is an ocular condition which may get worse over time. It is the leading cause of extreme, permanent loss of vision in persons over 60 years old. This occurs when the small central portion of your retina, called the macula, wears down. Early symptoms of dry AMD include slightly blurred vision, the need for more reading light, and difficulty in recognizing faces until they are very close to the person. Smoking, high blood pressure, obesity, a diet high in unsaturated fats, simple carbohydrates and lack of exercise all contribute to the risk of AMD. Good eye... Read More

Trends in ECG Management Systems

Image Basic ECG Management Software Functionality Digital ECG management solutions display waveforms and other physiological data from patient monitoring systems and integrate them into the EMR or CVIS so a separate workstation or login is not necessary.  These systems should help streamline documentation by enabling clinicians to electronically view measure, annotate and store reporting. Vendors offer various workflow improvements, including automated diagnostic text generating the report that can be altered in the final edit, automating movement to the next study, and automating sign, save and distribute functions. Other features include measuring callipers and the ability to display by... Read More

Promising Growth towards the Pinnacle in Cardiac Research

Image Cardiology is an important muscular organ in humans and other animals, pumps blood through the vessels of the circulatory system. In medicine, a case report is a detailed report of symptoms, diagnosis, treatment and follow-up of an individual patient. Heart case report may contain a demographic profile of patient but usually describe an unusual or novel occurrence. Different case report can be done such as case reports on cardiac arrest and diseases have a great value and help in advancing and development of treatment strategies. In this way case expounds on cardiovascular issue and diseases have a phenomenal regard and help in advancing and... Read More

Drug-eluting Stent Thrombosis

Image Journal of Pharmacology and Therapeutic Research is an open access, peer reviewed journal that focuses on the interdisciplinary research offering therapeutic solutions to various neurological, genetics, psychological, and respiratory issues affecting the human beings. A drug-eluting stent (DES) is a peripheral or coronary stent (a scaffold) placed into narrowed, diseased peripheral or coronary arteries that slowly releases a drug to block cell proliferation. This prevents fibrosis that, together with clots (thrombi), could otherwise block the stented artery, a process called restenosis. The stent is usually placed within the peripheral or coronary artery by an interventional cardiologist or interventional radiologist during an angioplasty procedure. Drug-eluting stents in current clinical use were approved by the... Read More

Nicotine replacement therapy and varenicline: A cohort study in low-income region (Monastir, Tunisia).

Image Nicotine replacement therapy and varenicline: A cohort study in low-income region (Monastir, Tunisia).  Background: Among motivated Smokers, cessation can be performed by Nicotine Replacement Therapy (NRT), or by Varenicline (VAR). We aimed at determining quit rates among two cohorts, treated by NRT or VAR and, at identifying factors associated to quit and relapse delays. Methods: We carried out a prospective cohort study at the smoking cessation center of the University Hospital of Monastir, in Tunisia from April 2009 to January 2012. Results: 1042 active smokers have been followed in smoking cessation center between April 2009 and December 2010. One hundred... Read More

Recent News: Cash conversion cycle and corporate diversification

Image In this study, I examine the relation between the cash conversion cycle and its components and a firm’s diversification status. Using a large sample of US public firms over 1980 to 2016, I find the inventory and receivable periods are shorter in diversified firms than focused firms. The results suggest that diversified firms have more efficient inventory management; and have better access to external financing which makes supply chain financing less significant in diversified firms. There is evidence that diversified firms have longer cash conversion cycle, especially in more recent sample years. Further research... Read More

Recent News: The true and fair principle in Italy: Impact of tax legislation on final financial statements assessments.

Image The true and fair view in much Italian company is not applied in financial reporting. The company often applies a different principle which is affected by tax legislation. This “new” principle can be called: the “tax true and fiscally fair” principle. An empirical research I conducted in Italy has shown that Italian financial statements are “contaminated” by regulations that differ from accounting standards. In fact, many Italian financial statements are not prepared according to national and/or international accounting standards, but rather based on tax laws upon the occurrence of fiscal interference in the final financial statements assessments, the balance sheet... Read More

Role of Stem Cells in Cancer Development and Progression

Image Journal of cancer immunology and Therapy deals with research from all related fields to the Cancer Immunology & Therapy which utilises the immune system as a treatment for cancer. Cancer immunology and therapy deals with Cancer Discovery, Cancer Epidemiology, Biomarkers & Prevention, Cancer Immunology Research, Cancer Surgery, Advances in Cancer Prevention, Breast Cancer, Cancer Biology, Cancer Treatment, Cancer Management and Research, Integrative Cancer Therapies, Clinical cancer immunology and therapy. and Articles such as research papers, review articles, commentaries and short communications leading to the development of Cancer Immunology and Therapy. Tumors comprise two types of non-cancerous cells,... Read More

Risk of Gynecologic and Urinary Tract Cancer

Image Journal of cancer immunology and Therapy  is a scientific open access journal that specifies and describes the development activities conducted in the field of biomedicine research. Journal encompasses the study related to Cancer immunology is an interdisciplinary branch of biology that is concerned with understanding the role of the immune system in the progression and development of cancer; the most well-known application is cancer immunotherapy. Purpose: The aim of the study was to determine the association between pelvic inflammatory disease (PID) and breast, colorectal, gynecologic and urinary tract cancer. Methods: The source of data was a longitudinal... Read More

Genome instability (Journal of molecular oncology and Research)

Image Genome instability (also genetic instability or genomic instability) refers to a high frequency of mutations within the genome of a cellular lineage. These mutations can include changes in nucleic acid sequences, chromosomal rearrangements or aneuploidy. Genome instability does occur in bacteria. In multicellular organisms genome instability is central to carcinogenesis,and in humans it is also a factor in some neurodegenerative diseases such as amyotrophic lateral sclerosis or the neuromuscular disease myotonic dystrophy.The sources of genome instability have only recently begun to be elucidated. A high frequency of externally caused DNA damage can be one source of genome instability since DNA damages can cause inaccurate translesion synthesis past the damages or errors in repair, leading to mutation. Another source... Read More

Molecular Phenotypes (Journal of molecular oncology and research)

Image Molecular phenotyping describes the technique of quantifying pathway reporter genes, i.e. pre-selected genes that are modulated specifically by metabolic and signaling pathways, in order to infer activity of these pathways. In most cases, molecular phenotyping quantifies changes of pathway reporter gene expression to characterize modulation of pathway activities induced by perturbations such as therapeutic agents or stress in a cellular system in vitro. In such contexts, measurements at early time points are often more informative than later observations because they capture the primary response to the perturbation by the cellular system. Integrated with quantified changes of phenotype induced by the perturbation, molecular phenotyping can identify pathways that contribute to the... Read More

Isolation and identification of Citrobacter spp. from the intestine of Procambarus clarkia

Image Isolation and identification of Citrobacter spp. from the intestine of Procambarus clarkia  Citrobacter have caused a wide spectrum of infectious diseases in aquaculture animals and human. In previous study, pathogenic Citrobacter spp. was frequently isolated from hepatopancreas of diseased Procambarus clarkii. It suggested that the intestine might be the reservoirs of Citrobacter spp. Intestinal flora were isolated from P. clarkii with Salmonella shigella agar. 126 isolates were performed with enterobacterial repetitive intergenic consensus (ERIC) PCR. 95 strains of seven ERIC-PCR electrophoretic genotypes were identified as Citrobacter spp. by 16S rRNA gene sequence analysis and the urease gene... Read More

The shelf-life of Macrobrachium nipponense dried meats during six months storage at room temperature

Image The shelf-life of Macrobrachium nipponense dried meats during six months storage at room temperature The aim of this study was to evaluate the quality of dry shrimp meat produced by three different methods of the cabinet-type air dryer, oven and under vacuum during six months storage at room temperature. Hence, a non-native species of small-sized shrimp, called Macrobrachium nipponense, was collected from Bandar Anzali international lagoon. Changes in fatty acid profile, proximate composition, physical analysis, sensory evaluation and counting of colonies were studied. The results of chemical and microbial experiments showed that keeping dried shrimp meat under... Read More

Analysis of Some Morphometric Parameters of Tibia

Image Analysis of Some Morphometric Parameters of Tibia Degenerative arthritis of knee joint is common, but treatment is a difficult problem. Especially with increasing age, it leads to serious dysfunction and affects the quality of life of the person negatively. In this study, it was aimed to measure some morphological values of tibia proximal in healthy individuals and to establish normal reference intervals. Method: The study was carried out on 100 individuals (50 females-50 males) who were referred to the Department of Radiology, Konya Education and Research Hospital, Health Sciences University and Multidector Computed Tomography (MDCT). Individuals aged... Read More

Self-Care and Related Factors in Patients with Type 2 Diabetes

Image Self-Care and Related Factors in Patients with Type 2 Diabetes One of the factors that control the complication of diabetes is patient’s involvement in the treatment process which is effective in improving quality of life as well as reducing health care costs. The aim of this study was to determine self-care behavior and related factors in type 2 diabetic patients referred to the Diabetes Center of Ardabil. This cross-sectional study was conducted on 382 patients referred to the Diabetes Center of Ardabil, by using a simple random sampling method. Data were collected by utilizing a demographic questionnaire... Read More

What is Hematuria?

Image Hematuria (American English) or haematuria (British English) is a clinical sign. It is defined by the presence of blood or red blood cells in the urine. An anatomical framework is helpful in developing a comprehensive differential diagnosis. Blood or red blood cells can enter and mix with urine at multiple anatomical sites. These include the urinary system, female reproductive system, and integumentary system. After conducting a thorough history and physical examination, further medical testing is warranted. Patients can be stratified into high and low risk. High risk patients include those with visible hematuria or those with non-visible hematuria and risk factors. A complete evaluation of the urinary tract... Read More

Endometrial cancer

Image Endometrial cancer is a cancer that arises from the endometrium (the lining of the uterus or womb). It is the result of the abnormal growth of cells that have the ability to invade or spread to other parts of the body. The first sign is most often vaginal bleeding not associated with a menstrual period. Other symptoms include pain with urination, pain during sexual intercourse, or pelvic pain. Endometrial cancer occurs most commonly after menopause. Approximately 40% of cases are related to obesity. Endometrial cancer is also associated with excessive estrogen exposure, high blood pressure and diabetes. The leading treatment option for endometrial cancer is abdominal hysterectomy (the total removal by surgery of the uterus), together with removal of the fallopian tubes and ovaries on both sides, called a bilateral salpingo-oophorectomy.... Read More

Physiological Adaptations to Swimming in Fish

Image Swimming is an integral aspect of the life history of many fish species in the aquatic environment. Teleost fish show a great variety of locomotor strategies that are linked to their feeding behavior, predator avoidance, environmental (e.g. light, temperature, salinity, depth, etc.) preferences, social and reproductive behaviors, etc. The most dramatic examples of locomotor strategies can be found among those species that undergo long and lengthy reproductive and feeding migrations, such as salmonids, thunniforms and anguillids. From an organismic point of view, swimming is a behavior that occurs in intimate relation to other biological processes that fish experience throughout their... Read More

Structure and mechanism of Fingolimod

Image Structure and mechanism of Fingolimod Journal of Pharmacology and Therapeutic Research is an open access, peer reviewed journal that focuses on the interdisciplinary research offering therapeutic solutions to various neurological, genetics, psychological, and respiratory issues affecting the human beings. Fingolimod (INN, trade name Gilenya, Novartis) is an immunomodulation drug, mostly used for treating multiple sclerosis (MS).  It has reduced the rate of relapses in relapsing-remitting multiple sclerosis by approximately one-half over a two-year period.  Fingolimod is a sphingosine-1-phosphate receptor modulator, which sequesters lymphocytes in lymph nodes, preventing them from contributing to an autoimmune reaction. First synthesized in 1992 by Yoshitomi Pharmaceuticals, fingolimod was derived from an... Read More

Quantitative genetic studies Gene–environment and its significance

Image Quantitative genetic studies Gene–environment and its significance  Journal of Pharmacology and Therapeutic Research is an open access, peer reviewed journal that focuses on the interdisciplinary research offering therapeutic solutions to various neurological, genetics, psychological, and respiratory issues affecting the human beings. Gene–environment correlations (rGE) is correlation of two traits, e.g. height and weight, which would mean that when one changes, so does the other. Gene–environment correlations can arise by both causal and non-causal mechanisms. The principal interest are those causal mechanisms which indicate genetic control over environmental exposure. Genetic variants influence environmental exposure indirectly via behavior. Three causal mechanisms giving rise to... Read More

Four keys to prevent cardiovascular disease

Image After decades of steady decline, the number of deaths from cardiovascular disease (CVD) has risen over the past few years, according to the American Heart Association. The good news is that an estimated 80% of all CVD cases — heart disease, heart attack, heart failure, and stroke — can be prevented. The key is to control high blood pressure and high cholesterol and to maintain healthy habits, such as exercising regularly, eating a plant-based diet, getting enough sleep, and not smoking. No surprise, right? This advice has been consistent for many years. But the best way to meet these standards... Read More

Keys to a Healthy Heart

Image Healthy lifestyle factors can prevent it, yet it’s the number one health threat in the world, says Trisha Sugarek MacDonald, BS, MS, Sr. Director of Research & Development at Bluebonnet Nutrition Corporation. She’s talking, of course, about cardiovascular disease, a variety of conditions that affect the heart—from infections to genetic defects and blood vessel diseases. With 416 Baby Boomers turning 65 every hour, heart health will remain top issue in the years to come, Sugarek MacDonald notes. But it’s not just a concern for the aging population. Taking steps to maintain heart health is important for all... Read More

Deficiency & Prevalence of Vitamin D in Indians

Image Vitamin D is endogenously synthesized in human beings from photo conversion of 7-dehydrocholestrol in the skin to cholecalciferol on exposure to ultraviolet radiation of sun. In a tropical country like India, where sunlight exposure is abundant, vitamin D deficiency seems unlikely. However, as opposed to this, various studies have highlighted that 70-100% Indians in different age groups vitamin D insufficient or deficient . The probable reasons of the wide spread vitamin D deficiency in Indians could be because of low dietary vitamin D intake, high fiber and phytate intake that depletes vitamin D levels , reduced exposure... Read More

Nutrition for every Individual

Image The importance of appropriate nutritional therapy in hospitalized patients was brought to light in a 1974. Despite four decades, appropriate attention to nutritional management remained lacking. The appropriate nutrition of hospitalized patients has a direct effect on patient outcomes. Creating systems aimed at identifying patients at significant nutritional risk and monitoring adherence to evidenced based nutritional care practices have the potential to significantly improve outcomes and reduce costs. Patients who develop malnutrition represent a missed opportunity to deliver the critical nutrients needed and prevent the ramifications that come with a malnourished state. Despite increased calls for better... Read More

Developments in Bovine Immunology – An Integrated View

Image The world’s population is predicted to hit 9 Billion by 2050, and with it food demand is predicted to increase substantially. The World Bank estimates that cereal and meat production needs to increase by 50% and 85% respectively between 2000 and 2030 to meet demand, putting serious pressure on the global agricultural industry. Critical to meeting this demand for food are mechanisms to reduce the incidence of animal disease. Within excess of 1.3 billion cattle globally, the total cost of infectious diseases is difficult to estimate. However in North America alone, the cost is predicted to be $18 billion annually.... Read More

“Bless Your Heart. Live Smart”

Image Journal of Cardiovascular Medicine and Therapeutics will join world-class teachers, scientists, Surgeons and cardiologists to submit their valuable research for ailment remediation for heart diseses etc. Cardiovascular Medicine and Therapeutics includes study of medicine to cardiac diseases, cardiovascular heart disease, congenital heart diseases, coronary artery disease and their epidemiology and pathophysiology of the heart. The therapeutic procedures involving diagnosis and management of cardiac diseases like cardiovascular devices, cardiac regeneration, cardiac medicine, electrophysiology, cardiac surgery and identification of risk factors for cardiovascular diseases. ... Read More

“Healthy does NOT mean starving yourself EVER. Healthy means eating the right food in the right amount”.

Image On behalf of the Journal of Food Nutrition & Health, as Editor-in-Chief, it is my distinct honour and privilege to inform you that  Journal of Food Nutrition & Health is a peer-reviewed scientific journal that offers pioneering research exploring the association of food and nutrition in promoting healthy living.   Food Nutrition & Health is a multi-disciplinary field including science, organic chemistry, nourishment, microbiology, and engineering to give one the logical learning to tackle genuine issues related to the numerous aspects of the nourishment framework. The premise of the teach lies in a comprehension... Read More

(Journal of Molecular Oncology Research) Clinical Utility of Molecular Genetic Cancer Profiling

Image The ability to sequence entire genomes and transcriptomes is revolutionising cancer biology and, more slowly, cancer medicine. The evidence that large‐scale sequencing has clinical utility, that it improves outcomes, is slowly accumulating. A major controversy has centred on whether or not all tumours refractory to standard therapy should undergo therapy selection by molecular genetic cancer profiling (MGCP). Despite several completed or ongoing clinical trials, this issue is not settled; however, other forces now ensure that MGCP will become a routine diagnostic tool. Biopsies are becoming smaller, providing greater safety for patients, but yielding less DNA/RNA while there are now sufficiently... Read More

(Journal of Molecular Oncology Research) Pediatric Phase I Trials in Oncology: Toxicity and Outcomes in the Era of Targeted Therapies

Image Pediatric phase I oncology trials have historically focused on safety and toxicity, with objective response rates (ORRs) <10%. Recently, with an emphasis on targeted approaches, response rates may have changed. Authors analyzed outcomes of recent phase I pediatric oncology trials. This was a systematic review of phase I pediatric oncology trials published in 2012–2017, identified through PubMed and EMBASE searches conducted on March 14, 2018. Selection criteria included full‐text articles with a pediatric population, cancer diagnosis, and a dose escalation schema. Each publication was evaluated for patient characteristics, therapy type, trial design, toxicity, and response. Of 3,431... Read More

Call for Editorial Board Journal of Molecular Oncology Research

Image The Journal of Molecular Oncology Research is an open access peer-reviewed journal it reaches more number of readers with high quality research content based on Clinical Oncology practice, including administration, pharmacokinetics, preoperative and postoperative considerations, coexisting disease and other complicating factors, Cancer Surgery, Orthopedics cancer, GI cancer, Cancer Neurosurgery, Cancer Cardiothoracic, Cancer Vascular Surgery, Cancer Urology, Surgical Oncology. Our Editorial Board Members are over whelmed by the response and eagerness of the academic and research contributors to publish with the journal and take part in submissions of the scientific work in the mode of manuscripts. During this year we look... Read More

Instructions to Authors: Journal of Molecular Oncology Research

Image Journal of Molecular Oncology Research is a peer-reviewed Open Access Journal, encourages on-going international research and articles related to Oncology. It’s our privilege to recite you as a foremost strategist in the realm of research and invite you to endowment your research penmanship and publication in forth coming issue in the form of Research, Reviews, Commentaries, Letter to Editor, Case Reports, Short Communication, Images, Conference Proceedings which will  be published in our journal. Instructions: Journal of Molecular Oncology Research is a peer-reviewed : Open Access brings articles in all areas related to applications of Clinical Oncology practice, including administration,... Read More

Invitation for manuscript submission

Image The Journal of Finance and Marketing disseminates high quality research content based on Financial Marketing from marketing professionals across the globe, with implications from the leading Business schools, universities and research institutes. Our Editorial Board members are over whelmed by the response and eagerness of the academic and research contributors to publish with the journal and take part in submissions of the scientific work in the mode of manuscripts. During this year we look forward to taking some initiatives that would encourage and reward our prospective audience which include clinicians, research scientists, decision-makers and a range of professionals in... Read More

Call for Editorial Board from Journal of Finance and Marketing

Image The Journal of Finance and Marketing is an open access peer-reviewed journal it reaches more number of readers with high quality research content based on Financial Marketing from marketing professionals across the globe, with implications from the leading Business schools, universities and research institutes. Our Editorial Board Members are over whelmed by the response and eagerness of the academic and research contributors to publish with the journal and take part in submissions of the scientific work in the mode of manuscripts. During this year we look forward to taking some initiatives that would encourage... Read More

Preparing medical graduates in Sri Lanka for a productive internship and beyond: The “Good Intern Program

Image Preparing medical graduates in Sri Lanka for a productive internship and beyond: The “Good Intern Program Endometriosis is an estrogen-dependent inflammatory condition in women that is characterised by the ectopic growth of endometrial glands and stroma outside of the uterine cavity. Although there exists many theories for the pathogenesis of endometriosis, none has been successively confirmed as a direct cause for disease development. The human body comprises a diverse microflora across all tissues that can have fundamental roles in health and disease. The microbial flora in a healthy individual can vary remarkably between anatomical sites due to the physical and... Read More

Quercetin Reduces Production of Hepatitis C Virus

Image Quercetin Reduces Production of Hepatitis C Virus About 300 million individuals around the world are infected with the infectious disease hepatitis C, and approximately 1 to 2% of the population in the U.S. is infected. Hepatitis C can cause cirrhosis, scarring of the liver and finally liver failure. A substantial amount of infected individuals get liver disease or cancer of the liver. The existing standard treatment is interferon, and that has only a 50 percent rate of success. Complicating the 50 percent rate of failure are severe side effects that result in a lot of individuals discontinuing treatment. Researchers have... Read More

Pancreatic Cancer Association and Type 2 Diabetes Drugs

Image Pancreatic Cancer Association and Type 2 Diabetes Drugs According to a study, 2 drugs made use of for treating type 2 diabetes may be associated with a significantly higher risk of the development of pancreatic cancer and pancreatitis, and 1 of the drugs may be associated with an increased thyroid cancer risk. Researchers analyzed the FDA’s database for adverse events reported by individuals making use of the type 2 diabetes drugs exenatide and sitagliptin. A 6 times the increase in the odds ratio for reported pancreatitis cases with these drugs was found, in comparison to 4 other diabetes control... Read More

WHY ARE ANIMALS NEEDED IN BIOMEDICAL RESEARCH?

Image WHY ARE ANIMALS NEEDED IN BIOMEDICAL RESEARCH? Why are Animals Needed in Biomedical Research? The use of animals in some types of research is essential to the development of new and more effective methods for diagnosing and treating diseases that affect both humans and animals. Medical researchers need to understand health problems before they can develop ways to treat them. Scientists use animals to learn more about such problems, and to assure the safety of new medical treatments. Some diseases and health problems involve processes that can only be studied in living organisms. Animals are necessary to medical research because... Read More

Sports nutrition

Image Just as proper physical techniques should be part of every athlete’s safety routine, maintaining adequate nutrition and hydration is also important. By following basic nutrition and hydration tips, athletes can stay at peak performance before, during and after activity. Nutrition for Growth and Performance: Nutrients are fuel for the body. In order for our physical and mental health to remain strong and healthy, we need to consume a balanced diet of nutrients that can carry you through everyday life. Not only whilst performing sports activity, but before and afterwards. Important nutrients include: Carbohydrates: There are two key forms... Read More

BIOMEDICAL RESEARCH AND ITS BROAD FIELDS

Image BIOMEDICAL RESEARCH AND ITS BROAD FIELDS Biomedical research is the broad area of science that involves the investigation of the biological process and the causes of disease through careful experimentation, observation, laboratory work, analysis, and testing. Biomedical research is the broad area of science that looks for ways to prevent and treat diseases that cause illness and death in people and in animals. This general field of research includes many areas of both the life and physical sciences. What is Biomedical Research? Biomedical research is the broad area of science that involves the investigation... Read More

Nutrition for Pregnant and Lactating Women

Image Pregnancy is a demanding physiological state. It is observed that diets of women from the low socioeconomic groups are essentially similar during pre-pregnant, pregnant and lactating periods. Consequently, there is widespread maternal malnutrition leading to high prevalence of low birth weight infants and very high maternal mortality. Additional foods are required to improve weight gain in pregnancy (10-12 Kg) and birth weight of infants (about 3 Kg). It is hence important to ensure provision of extra food and healthcare to pregnant and lactating women. Key points regarding nutrition for pregnant and lactating women: • Pregnancy is physiologically and nutritionally... Read More

Classification and Physiology involved in Ventricular tachycardia

Image Journal of Pharmacology and Therapeutic Research is an open access, peer reviewed journal that focuses on the interdisciplinary research offering therapeutic solutions to various neurological, genetics, psychological, and respiratory issues affecting the human beings. Ventricular tachycardia (V-tach or VT) is a type of regular, fast heart rate that arises from improper electrical activity in the ventricles of the heart. Although a few seconds may not result in problems, longer periods are dangerous. Short periods may occur without symptoms, or present with lightheadedness, palpitations, or chest pain. It is found initially in about 7% of people in cardiac arrest.... Read More

The Response of Neuroimmune System During Inflammation

Image Journal of Pharmacology and Therapeutic Research is an open access, peer reviewed journal that focuses on the interdisciplinary research offering therapeutic solutions to various neurological, genetics, psychological, and respiratory issues affecting the human beings. Glial cells Microglia are recognized as the innate immune cells of the central nervous system. Microglia actively survey their environment through, and change their cell morphology significantly in response to neural injury. Acute inflammation in the brain is typically characterized by rapid activation of microglia. During this period, there is no peripheral immune response. Over time, however, chronic inflammation causes the degradation of tissue... Read More

Economics of Value Addition in Fish in Manipur State of India: Empirical Analysis

Image Economics of Value Addition in Fish in Manipur State of India: Empirical Analysis Fishery is a significant sector of the Indian economy from the point of view of food supplies, foreign exchange and also for its potential to generate employment. The North Eastern (NE) region of India has been recognized as a global hot spot of fresh water bodies. The annual growth rate of fish production in NE India registered a positive growth over the years indicating a healthy trend. The fish production of Manipur is mostly contributed by the Loktak Lake which is the largest freshwater... Read More

Changes in quality attributes of sand smelt (Atherina hepsetus) fish burger and finger during frozen storage

Image Changes in quality attributes of sand smelt (Atherina hepsetus) fish burger and finger during frozen storage The present investigation has been carried out with the objectives study the effect of frozen storage on quality attributes of fish burger and fingers were made from sand smelt (bassaria) (Atherina hepsetus) with substitution levels from soybean flour and minced potato. Sand smelt has found in Qarun Lake by unaccepted from consumers. The physicochemical and microbiological analysis was carried on raw products immediately after processing and during frozen storage.Total Volatile Basic Nitrogen (TVBN), Trimethylamine (TMA), Thiobarbituric Acid (TBA) and pH values... Read More