Genetic manipulations of Coronavirus

Image Advancements in Biotechnology will be impossible without Genetics which is dealt with in Journal of Biochemistry and Biotechnology. Genetic manipulation of CoV sequences is challenging because of the large size (27–32 kbp) of the RNA genomes. However, two approaches have been developed to allow researchers to introduce mutations, deletions, and reporter genes into CoV genomes. These approaches are (1) targeted RNA recombination and (2) reverse genetics using infectious cDNA constructs of CoV. The first approach exploits high-frequency copy-choice recombination to introduce m... Read More

Biological Investigations for integrated surveillance of SARS-CoV-2

Image Coronavirus (CoV) which are positive-stranded RNA virus surrounded by an envelope, were first identified during the 1960s by using electron microscopy to visualize the distinctive spike glycoprotein projections on the surface of enveloped virus particles. Coronavirus belong to the family Coronaviridae and are divided into four genera: Alpha-, Beta-, Gamma, and Deltacoronavirus.  SARS-CoV (severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus), are one among the seven identified human coronavirus which are zoonotic in origin; they cause sev... Read More

COVID-19 target: A specific target for novel coronavirus detection

Image An ongoing outbreak of pneumonia associated with a novel coronavirus has been reported worldwide and become a global health problem; hence, the diagnosis and differentiation of this virus from other types of coronavirus is essential to control of the disease. To this end, the analysis of genomics data plays a vital role in introducing a stronger target and consequently provides better results in laboratory examinations. The modified comparative genomics approach he... Read More

Advances in the relationship between coronavirus infection and cardiovascular diseases

Image The outbreak of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) has once again aroused people's concern about coronavirus. Seven human coronaviruses (HCoVs) have been discovered so far, including HCoV-229E, HCoV-NL63, HCoV-OC43, HCoV-HKU115, severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus, Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus and severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2. Existing studies show that the cardiovascular disease increased the incidence and severity... Read More

Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus vaccines: current status and novel approaches

Image Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus (MERS-CoV) is a cause of severe respiratory infection in humans, specifically the elderly and people with comorbidities. The re-emergence of lethal coronaviruses calls for international collaboration to produce coronavirus vaccines, which are still lacking to date. Ongoing efforts to develop MERS-Co... Read More

Biological Investigations on the need for integrated surveillance of SARS-CoV-2

Image Coronavirus (CoV) which are positive-stranded RNA virus surrounded by an envelope, were first identified during the 1960s by using electron microscopy to visualize the distinctive spike glycoprotein projections on the surface of enveloped virus particles. Coronavirus belong to the family Coronaviridae and are divided into four genera: Alpha-, Beta-, Gamma, and Deltacoronavirus.  ... Read More

Updates on Effect of apple pomace powder on the quality attributes of fish fingers

Image Updates on Effect of apple pomace powder on the quality attributes of fish fingers The present study was undertaken to evaluate the effect of different levels of apple pomace powder (APP) on the quality characteristics of fish fingers. The apple pomace powder was incorporated at four different levels viz 0, 2.5, 4.5, and 6.5 percent, replacing fish meat in the formulation. The products were analysed for various physicochemical properties, sensory attributes, emulsion stability, cooking yield, pH and proximate composition (viz., crude protein, fat extract, moisture... Read More

Exposure to Sun Rays: An Investigation of Serum Micronutrient Status in Wistar Rats

Image Exposure to Sun Rays: An Investigation of Serum Micronutrient Status in Wistar Rats Micronutrients are important elements/biomolecules in the body known for the vital roles they play in numerous metabolic processes in the body. Whereas, depleted serum levels of micronutrients are always associated with inadequate intake, altered levels can also result from increased oxidative stress. Ultraviolet rays of the sun are an example of an agent capable of inducing oxidative stress. Therefore the effect of ultraviolet rays of the sun on serum micronutrient levels in femal... Read More

The 2019‐new coronavirus epidemic: Evidence for virus evolution

Image There is a worldwide concern about the new coronavirus 2019‐nCoV as a global public health threat. A phylogenetic tree has been built using the 15 available whole genome sequences of 2019‐nCoV, 12 whole genome sequences of 2019‐nCoV, and 12 highly similar whole genome sequences available in gene bank (five from the severe acute respiratory syndrome, two from ... Read More

Sexual segregation of the European eel

Image Sexual segregation of the European eel The objective of this study is to evaluate the bathymetric distribution, sex ratio, stages of gonad maturation and reproductive strategy of the European eel (Conger conger) in coastal inshore waters of the Costa Brava (north-west Mediterranean) and to answer many questions about its biology. The observations confirm the absence of both males and mature or spent females in the area. The only males obtained were caught at greater depths (between 600 and 800 m) than females (100 to 400 m). Ten morphometric characters were used to calculate morph... Read More

What is Marine Food?

Image What is Marine Food? Seafood is any form of sea life regarded as food by humans. Seafood prominently includes fish and shellfish. Shellfish include various species of molluscs, crustaceans, and echinoderms. Historically, sea mammals such as whales and dolphins have been consumed as food, though that happens to a lesser extent these days. Edible sea plants, such as some seaweeds and microalgae, are widely eaten as seafood around the world, especially in Asia (see the category of sea vegetables). In North America, although not generally in the United Kingdom, the term "seafood&... Read More

What is Fish Production?

Image What is Fish Production? Fish are a very high source of proteins and have great nutritional value. Fish production was initially dependent on fish capturing. However, most of the captured fish were used for industrial purposes and were hardly consumed by man. Therefore, an alternative method to increase fish production was devised that includes farming and husbandry of economically important aquatic organisms. This is known as aquaculture. Methods of Fish Production Fish production can be done in two ways: Capture Fis... Read More

Structure of SARS-CoV-2

Image In late 2019, the first reports of an unknown respiratory infection—in some cases fatal—emerged from Wuhan, China. The source of that infection was quickly identified as a novel coronavirus, related to those that had caused outbreaks of Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS) from 2002-2004 and Middle East Respiratory Syndrome (MERS) in 2012. The World Health Organization declared the illness resulting from the new virus, ... Read More

SARS-CoV-2: virus dynamics

Image Since December, 2019, coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) has affected more than 100 000 patients globally. COVID-19 is caused by the severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) and has a case-fatality rate of 2·3%, with higher rates among elderly patients and patients with comorbidities. Person-to-person transmission is efficient, with multiple clusters reported. Clinically, patients with COVID-19 present with respiratory symptoms, which is very similar to the pre... Read More

Dermatology and Skin Care

Image Dermatopathology is a joint subspecialty of dermatology and pathology or surgical pathology that focuses on the study of cutaneous diseases at a microscopic and molecular level. It also encompasses analyses of the potential causes of skin diseases at a basic level. Dermatopathologists work in close association with clinical dermatologists, with many possessing further clinical training in dermatology. In the United States, dermatopathology is practiced in a variety of settings. Some biopsies are interpreted by the dermatologists who obtained them; some are sent to pathol... Read More

Global Outbreak: Covid-19

Image Authorities in 211 countries and territories have reported more than 1,850,000 novel coronavirus cases worldwide since China reported its first cases to the World Health Organization (WHO) in December. The pandemic has reached every continent except Antarctica. The vast majority of cases and deaths are now outside mainland China, where the outbreak began. In China, the Hubei province, home to 11 million people, has been hit hardest. Most of the infections are centered in its capital city, W... Read More

Mechanism of action, Pharmacological uses and Side effects of Bevacizumab

Image Bevacizumab, sold under the brand name Avastin, is a medication used to treat a number of types of cancers and a specific eye disease. For cancer it is given by slow injection into a vein and used for colon cancer, lung cancer, glioblastoma, and renal-cell carcinoma. For age-related macular degeneration it is given by injection into the eye. Pharmacological uses... Read More

Characterization of giant mottled eel (Anguilla marmorata) gastrointestinal tract that origin from Thua Thien Hue, Vietnam

Image Characterization of giant mottled eel (Anguilla marmorata) gastrointestinal tract that origin from Thua Thien Hue, Vietnam This study investigated the dietary component and morphology of the digestive tract of Anguilla marmorata during its yellow stages (non-migrants). A total of 127 samples, ranging in total length from 17-108 cm and w... Read More

Impacts of Moringa oleifera leaves and Lannea barteri bark as growth promoting additives and survival rates in the diets of Clarias gariepinus fingerlings

Image Impacts of Moringa oleifera leaves and Lannea barteri bark as growth promoting additives and survival rates in the diets of Clarias gariepinus fingerlings Fish is a source of indispensable amino acids in the diet of human and animals because of its high quality proteins, Omega 3 fatty acids and other nutrients. Demand for fis... Read More

Antidepressant and Skeletal Muscle Relaxant Activity of Methanolic Extracts of Basella alba. L

Image Antidepressant and Skeletal Muscle Relaxant Activity of Methanolic Extracts of Basella alba. L Depression is considered as affective mood disorder which is characterized by change in mood, lack of confidence, etc. Depression is the most prevelant disorder and the symptoms associated with depression changes the neurotransmitter levels in brain such as norepinephrine, se... Read More

Distribution of COVID-19 outbreak

Image Since 31 December 2019 and as of 28 March 2020, 5, 28, 025 cases of COVID-19 (in accordance with the applied case definitions and testing strategies in the affected countries) have been reported, including 23,672 deaths. The deaths have been reported from: Italy (8 165), Spain (4 089), China (3 298), Iran (2 234), France (1 696), United States (1 296), United Kingdom (578), Netherlands (434), Germany (253), Belgium ... Read More

Together we can fight corona virus

Image World Health Organization declared an outbreak of febrile respiratory illness of unknown etiology in December 2019 from Wuhan, Hubei province of China. Since its emergence, the disease his rapidly spread to neighboring provinces of China as well 151 other countries mainly through lnternational travel. lnfection is spread through droplets of an infected patient generated by coughing and sneezing or through prolonged contact with infected patients. Social d... Read More

Impacts of Moringa oleifera leaves and Lannea barteri bark as growth promoting additives and survival rates

Image Impacts of Moringa oleifera leaves and Lannea barteri bark as growth promoting additives and survival rates Fish is a source of indispensable amino acids in the diet of human and animals because of its high quality proteins, Omega 3 fatty acids and other nutrients. Demand for fish products is increasing on daily basis while w... Read More

Unique non-oxygen breathing animal discovered

Image Unique non-oxygen breathing animal discovered The tiny, less than 10-celled parasite Henneguya salminicola lives in salmon muscle. As it evolved, the animal, which is a myxozoan relative of jellyfish and corals, gave up breathing and consuming oxygen to produce energy. "Aerobic respiration was thought to be ubiquitous in animals, but now we confirmed that this is not the case," Prof. Huchon explains. "Our discovery shows that evolution can go in strange directions. Aerobic respiration is a major source of energy, and yet we found... Read More

Great Scourges of Sericulture

Image The silkworm is a monophagous insect, feeding only on the leaves of the mulberry tree. The fortunes of the silkworm and the mulberry tree are indissolubly associated, and when man steps in and patronizes the union between the two in order to get cocoons, there results an industry called sericulture. In the mid-nineteenth century, French sericulture suffered extensive damages due to a silkworm disease known as ... Read More

The Function of Phagocytes in Non-Mammals

Image Non-mammalian animals are useful models for understanding the evolution of the immune system and studying the underlying mechanisms of cellular and molecular responses in mammalian immunity. In 1882, Elie Metchnikoff discovered cells surrounding a wound in starfish larvae and named them “phagocytes” based on his hypothesis that these cells surround and kill pathogens. Recent literature has expanded the function of phagocytes beyond pathogen killing to the regulation of the overall inflammation response. In humans, many diseases, including congenital neutropenia, familial Mediter... Read More

COVID-19: Wuhan to India

Image Coronavirus are a large family of viruses that cause illness ranging from the common cold to more severe diseases such as Middle East Respiratory Syndrome (MERS-CoV) and Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS-CoV). A novel coronavirus (nCoV) is a new strain that has not been previously identified in humans.  Coronaviruses are zoonotic, meaning they are transmitted between animals and people.  Detailed investigations found that SARS-CoV was tran... Read More

Dental Caries: A Review

Image Dental Caries: A Review Dental caries, a chronic disease is unique among human and is one of the most common important global oral health problems in the world today. It is the destruction of dental hard acellular tissue by acidic by-products from the bacterial fermentation of dietary carbohydrates especially sucrose. It progresses slowly in most of the people which results from an ecological imbalance in the equilibrium between tooth min... Read More

Diagnosis of Pleural & Lung Diseases using Sonography

Image Sonography has been proved to be valuable for the evaluation of a wide variety of chest diseases, particularly when the pleural cavity is involved. The advantages of Sonography are that it is a relatively inexpensive, widely available, mobile form of multi-planar imaging free from ionizing. The 30 patients who had visited the Out-Patient Department (OPD) and in-patient department (IPD) of a hospital in North India were considered in th... Read More

Viral Infection (Lymphocystis) in Fish

Image Viral Infection (Lymphocystis) in Fish   Lymphocystis Disease Lymphocystis disease is a common viral infection which affects the skin and fins of saltwater and freshwater fish. Although it is serious, it does not cause any health problems; the disease only disfigures the fish.  Fishes kept in aquariums or outside in ponds are both susceptible to Lymphocystis disease. The painted glassfish is the most prone aquarium fish to contract this infection.  Symptoms and Types ... Read More

New Tank Syndrome in Fish

Image New Tank Syndrome in Fish Similar to "old tank syndrome," new tank syndrome is a fish disease that occurs in aquarium fish that live in water with high levels of ammonia.  Symptoms New tank syndrome leads to ammonia toxicity in the fish, which can quickly become fatal. Fish will often die suddenly, without warning. The aquarium water is frequently cloudy and smelly due to the excessive ammonia and nitrite levels.  Causes Also known as the "break in cycle," the c... Read More

Kidney and Urinary Tract Disorders in Fish

Image Kidney and Urinary Tract Disorders in Fish There are few major kidney and urinary tract disorders seen in fishes. Of these the main kidney and urinary tract disorders are Renal Dropsy, Carp-dropsy complex, and Proliferative kidney disease (PKD). Renal dropsy in fishes is caused by the parasite, Sphaerospora auratus. Renal dropsy usually occurs in pond-raised goldfish. There is damage to the kidneys and swelling of the abdomen due to fluid accumulation is the most common sign of renal dropsy. There is no treatment for this kidney disorder and it usually c... Read More

Early Avian Evolution

Image Our understanding of Mesozoic birds has expanded and evolved enormously over the past two decades, reflecting important discoveries from around the world. Most recently, information from 99-Ma-old birds trapped in Burmese amber is complementing the wealth of data extracted from Early Cretaceous Lagerstätten in China and Spain. Expanding knowledge of early avian morphological diversity, combined with inferences derived from exceptionally preserved soft tissues, is rapidly changing our perception of stem avians, revealing unexpected complexity and homoplasy in both the transition from no... Read More

The Impact of Weather on the Behavior and Ecology of Birds

Image Weather conditions affect animals in many different ways. Variation in temperature, rainfall, wind, and other environmental variables can have an impact at a range of temporal and spatial scales and at every level from individual behavior to species distributions. The interactions between these variables may be particularly important but are often overlooked. Hence, understanding how animals respond to weather conditions is a fundamental topic in evolution, ecology, and conservation, especially in a time of major environmental change. Birds are an ideal group in which to investiga... Read More

Fats are lipids

Image Fats are elegant little molecules, each one made of three long hydrocarbon tails attached to a little coathanger-like molecule called glycerol. Like the other large biological molecules, they play essential roles in the biology of humans and other organisms. (Also, many recent dietary studies see sugar as causing a lot more health problems than fat!) Fats are just one type of ... Read More

Herpesvirus Diseases in Fish

Image Herpesvirus Diseases in Fish   Herpes virus is not only a human virus; it can just as easily infect fishes, too. In fishes, herpes virus infections can cause a variety of diseases; including those can be fatal to the animal.  Channel Catfish Virus (CCV) is a serious herpes virus infection in the fry and fingerling -- both fish young -- of the channel catfish. CCV usually infects weak fishes that are stressed due to shipping and handling, a lack of oxygen in the water, or chemically treated water. Fishes which are older have highe... Read More

Secondary Metabolites: Source of Antibiotics

Image Metabolites are the intermediates and products of metabolism and are usually restricted to small molecules. The term “secondary” introduced by A. Kossel in 1891 implies that while primary metabolites are present in every living cell capable of dividing, the secondary metabolites are present only incidentally and are not of paramount significance for organism’s life. Though ... Read More

What Causes Fish-Handler's Disease?

Image What Causes Fish-Handler's Disease? The disease has so many names because so many different outbreaks have been associated with occupations (fishermen or lobstermen), hobbies (tropical fish tanks, pet shop workers), or water sports (boating, swimming pool use). Researchers also discovered that at least two different genera of bacteria (Mycobacterium and Erysipelothrix) were the main causative infective agents of the disease. These findings added to the proliferation of names. Causes Fish-Handler's Disease This is an ery... Read More

Medical Use of Biomarkers

Image A biomarker is a biological characteristic that is objectively measured and evaluated as an indicator of normal biological or pathological processes, or a response to a therapeutic intervention. Examples include patterns of gene expression, levels of a particular protein in body fluids, or changes in electrical activity in the brain. The World Health Organisation definition of a biomarker includes the statement: ‘any measurement ref... Read More

Water Sciences and Technology

Image Hydrology is the science that encompasses the occurrence, distribution, movement and properties of the waters of the earth and their relationship with the environment within each phase of the hydrologic cycle. The water cycle, or hydrologic cycle, is a continuous process by which water is purified by evaporation and transported from the earth's surface (including the oceans) to the atmosphere and back to the land and oceans. All of the physical... Read More

Facts of Climate Change

Image On Earth, human activities are changing the natural greenhouse. Over the last century the burning of fossil fuels like coal and oil has increased the concentration of atmospheric carbon dioxide (CO2). This happens because the coal or oil burning process combines carbon with oxygen in the air to make CO2. To a lesser extent, the clearing of land for agriculture, industry, and other human activities has increased concentrations ... Read More

Swim Bladder Disorder in Aquarium Fish

Image Swim Bladder Disorder in Aquarium Fish Swim bladder disease, also called swim bladder disorder or flipover, is a common ailment in aquarium fish. The swim bladder is an internal gas-filled organ that contributes to the ability of a fish to control its buoyancy, and thus to stay at the current water depth without having to waste energy in swimming. A fish with swim bladder disorder can float nose down tail up, or can float to the top or sink to the bottom of the aquarium. Symptoms of Swim Bladder Disorder Fish suffering from swi... Read More

Apprehensions and issues related to pacu Piaractus brachypomus farming in India

Image Apprehensions and issues related to pacu Piaractus brachypomus farming in India In India, recently introduced pacu fish farming is picking up fast without envisaging scientific track to promote or regulate it. The unofficially introduced pacu in India is projected to be Piaractus brachypomus relying on the identifying characteristics. However, the species availabl... Read More

Isolation and identification of Citrobacter spp. from the intestine of Procambarus clarkia

Image Isolation and identification of Citrobacter spp. from the intestine of Procambarus clarkia  Citrobacter have caused a wide spectrum of infectious diseases in aquaculture animals and human. In previous study, pathogenic Citrobacter spp. was frequently isolated from hepatopancreas of diseased Procambarus clarkii. It suggested tha... Read More

The shelf-life of Macrobrachium nipponense dried meats during six months storage at room temperature

Image The shelf-life of Macrobrachium nipponense dried meats during six months storage at room temperature The aim of this study was to evaluate the quality of dry shrimp meat produced by three different methods of the cabinet-type air dryer, oven and under vacuum during six months storage at room temperature. Hence, a non-native species of small-sized ... Read More

Developments in Bovine Immunology – An Integrated View

Image The world’s population is predicted to hit 9 Billion by 2050, and with it food demand is predicted to increase substantially. The World Bank estimates that cereal and meat production needs to increase by 50% and 85% respectively between 2000 and 2030 to meet demand, putting serious pressure on the global agricultural industry. Critical to meeting this demand for food are mechanisms to reduce the incidence of animal disease. Within excess of 1.3 billion cattle globally, the total cost of infectious diseases is difficult to estimate. However in North America alone, the cost is predicted... Read More

Economics of Value Addition in Fish in Manipur State of India: Empirical Analysis

Image Economics of Value Addition in Fish in Manipur State of India: Empirical Analysis Fishery is a significant sector of the Indian economy from the point of view of food supplies, foreign exchange and also for its potential to generate employment. The North Eastern (NE) region of India has been recognized as a global hot spot of fresh water bodies. The annual growth... Read More

Changes in quality attributes of sand smelt (Atherina hepsetus) fish burger and finger during frozen storage

Image Changes in quality attributes of sand smelt (Atherina hepsetus) fish burger and finger during frozen storage The present investigation has been carried out with the objectives study the effect of frozen storage on quality attributes of fish burger and fingers were made from sand smelt (bassaria) (Atherina hepsetus) with substitution levels from soyb... Read More

Metal levels in commercial pelagic fishes and their contribution to their exposure in Turkish people of the Black Sea

Image Metal levels in commercial pelagic fishes and their contribution to their exposure in Turkish people of the Black Sea Heavy metals naturally occur in marine environment and may enter in biota including fish as a result of anthropogenic activities such as industrial; urbanization and agricultural processes. The metals in fish as food are bei... Read More

Omega-3 In Flax Or Fish Oil Could Help Prevent Osteoarthritis

Image Omega-3 In Flax Or Fish Oil Could Help Prevent Osteoarthritis Researchers have revealed that omega-3 in flax or fish oil could quite possibly prevent osteoarthritis, as well as lower osteoarthritis symptoms. Guinea pigs naturally grow osteoarthritis, and after being fed omega-3-rich diets, osteoarthritis was reduced by 50% in comparison to a quality diet. The study is a significant development in demonstrating that omega-3 fatty acids, sourced either from flax oil or fish oil, could help in slowing down the osteoarthritis process, or even prevent osteoar... Read More

The Status of Marine Fisheries in East Asia

Image The fisheries of China generate the largest catch in the world. However, these fisheries are in generally bad shape, notably due to lack of management systems based on rigorous studies on the dynamics of major stocks exploited by the fisheries of China and neighboring countries. This could be mitigated, at least in part, by the systematic application of newly developed methods for evaluating the status of exploited fish stocks for use in data-sparse situations, focusing on methods for estimating maximum sustainable yield (MSY) from catch informed by a combination of biological kno... Read More

Effect of Apple Pomace Powder on the Quality Attributes of Fish Fingers

Image Effect of Apple Pomace Powder on the Quality Attributes of Fish Fingers The present study was undertaken to evaluate the effect of different levels of apple pomace powder (APP) on the quality characteristics of fish fingers. The apple pomace powder was incorporated at four different levels viz 0, 2.5, 4.5, and 6.5 percent, replacing fish meat in the formulation. The products were analysed for various physicochemical properties, sensory attributes, emulsion stability, cooking yield, pH and proximate composition (viz., crude protein, fat extract, moisture content an... Read More

Polyamide Netting Materials Exposed to Different Environments

Image Polyamide Netting Materials Exposed to Different Environments Quality of a material and its durability in different environmental condition are two major factors influence the selection of material for fishing gears. Knowledge on the loss of properties is very useful for taking preventive measure. Present study aimed to find the changes in the properties of polyamide m... Read More

Aquatic Physiology and Harmful Algae

Image Harmful algal blooms have been a major environmental problem worldwide. Red tides, blue-green algae, and cyanobacteria are primary examples of harmful algal blooms that can have severe impacts on human health and aquatic ecosystems. Some harmful algae produce dangerous toxic blooms in both fresh and marine water but even nontoxic blooms hurt the environment and local economies. The algal toxins that are produced mainly include cyanobacterial toxins and red tide phycotoxins, and there are hundreds of other toxins that have been well identified. The main types of red tide phycotoxin... Read More

How nature shaped echolocation in animals

Image Echolocation has evolved in different groups of animals, from bats and cetaceans to birds and humans, and enables localization and tracking of objects in a dynamic environment, where light levels may be very low or absent. Nature has shaped echolocation, an active sense that engages audiomotor feedback systems, which operates in diverse environments and situations. Echolocation production and perception vary across species, and signals are often adapted to the environment and task. In the last several decades, researchers have been studying the echolocation behavior of animals, bo... Read More

Innate Immunity in Aquatic Vertebrates

Image There is growing interest in understanding the immune systems of aquatic vertebrate species in order to develop and protect both farmed and wild aquatic species in a sustainable manner. Animals such as cartilaginous/bony fish and amphibians exhibit hallmark immune components associated with mammalian immunity, but also provide examples of intriguing and novel innate immune mechanisms. For example, aquatic vertebrates possess (i) distinct repertoires of key vertebrate cytokines and growth factors; (ii) unique pathogen recognition and anti-pathogenic strategies as well as (iii) novel immune c... Read More

Collaborate With Journal to Get Advantage of Membership

Image Collaborate With Journal to Get Advantage of Membership Journal of Fisheries Research is an open access journal which covers different areas of all the Fisheries Research including Fishing technology, Fisheries science, Fisheries management, Aquaculture, Fishery Biology, Fish farming, Water pollution, Fish Feed Technologies, Aquaculture Practices, Marine Food, Fish Production, etc. Allied Academies Membership ... Read More

How Are Fish Affected by Water Pollution?

Image How Are Fish Affected by Water Pollution? Journal of Fisheries Research thus focuses on a broad spectrum of topics in which the water pollution is a big concern for fish population. Water pollution is the contamination of water bodies, usually as a result of human activities. Water bodies include for example lakes, rivers, oceans, aquifers and groundwater. Water pollution results when contaminants are introduced into th... Read More

The Animal Microbiome in Health and Disease

Image Microbiome stands for the genetic material of all the microbes like-Bacteria, fungi, protozoa and viruses - that live on and inside the human body. The Human Microbiome Project was launched in the United States in 2008, with $115 million in funding from the National Institutes of Health. This project emphasized comprehensive characterization of the gut, oral, skin, vaginal, and nasal/lung microbial communities of humans. The project was highly successful, resulting in not only the characterization of such microbial communities, but the development of new databases, tools for comparative ana... Read More

Why Do We Need Aquaculture in Current Fish Science

Image Why Do We Need Aquaculture in Current Fish Science Journal of Fisheries Research is an open-access scholarly journal focused on publishing articles in all aspects of integrative fields Fisheries science, and their related topics. What is Aquaculture? Aquaculture is the controlled process of cultivating aquatic organisms, especially for human consumption. It’s a ... Read More

Recognition of Animal Power

Image Animals use different mechanisms to orient and navigate. Unravelling the mechanisms underlying the amazing ability of birds, fishes, sharks, whales and insects to navigate effortlessly around half the globe has remained a remarkably resilient enterprise. Likewise, sensory and cerebral navigation mechanisms outside the laboratory are only being touched upon, mostly by means of satellite telemetry and miniaturized GPS systems. There is a huge discrepancy between what can be found in rats or other model organisms and how this might correspond to the processes taking place in brains, often weig... Read More

Unifying Ecology across Scales: Progress, Challenges and Opportunities

Image Ecology is a branch of biology that studies the interactions among organisms and their biophysical environment, which includes both biotic and abiotic components. Topics of interest include the biodiversity, distribution, biomass, and populations of organisms, as well as cooperation and competition within and between species. Ecology itself includes: Life processes, interactions, and adaptations The movement of materials and energy through living communities The successional development of ecosystems The abundance and distribution... Read More

Journal of Fisheries Research: Highlights

Image Journal of Fisheries Research: Highlights Journal of Fisheries Research is successfully running in the 3rd Volume which covers a wide variety of specialties including Fishing technology, Fisheries science, Fisheries management, Aquaculture, Fishery Biology, Fish farming Water pollution, Fish Feed Technologies, Aquaculture Practices, Marine Food, Fish Production, Tropical Aquaculture and Fisheries, Marine biology, Marine biotechnology, Fi... Read More

Fish farming can feed most of world

Image Fish farming can feed most of world Fish farming is a form of aquaculture in which fish are raised in enclosures to be sold as food. It is the fastest growing area of animal food production. Today, about half the fish consumed globally are raised in these artificial environments. Commonly farmed species include salmon, tuna, cod, trout and halibut. These “aquafarms” can take the form of mesh cages submerged in natural bodies of water, or concrete enclosures on land. There are different types of fish farms that utilize different aquiculture me... Read More

Evolution of Zoological Science and its relation with human

Image Zoology is a discipline of biology that deals studies the animal kingdom including structure, embryology, evolution, classification, habits, and distribution of all animals, both living as well as extinct and their interaction with ecosystems. Owing to the importance of each sub discipline, International Journal of Pure and Applied Zoology renders a common platform for the discussion of various important issues. International Journal... Read More

Pharmaceutical Science Updates

Image Pharmaceutical Science Updates The wide scope of the Asian Journal of Biomedical and Pharmaceutical Sciences  a great measure of scientific information related to the advances in Biomedical and Pharmaceutical Sciences towards better healthcare. The journal have broad spectrum of Pharmaceutical sciences and Biomedical sciences including but not limited to Clinical Research Asian Journal of Biomedical and Pharmaceutical Sciences (AJBPS) is an international... Read More

Research on Biomedical and Pharmaceutical Sciences for a Better Tomorrow

Image Research on Biomedical and Pharmaceutical Sciences for a Better Tomorrow On behalf of Asian Journal of Biomedical and Pharmaceutical Sciences, as Editor-in-Chief of this journal, it is my distinct privilege to inform you that, it’s been nine long years we have started this Journal, and we are privileged to welcome Biomedical and Pharmaceutical Society to our journal.  As Editor-In-Chief it is my great pleasure and honour to welcome you to the Asian Journal of Biomedical and Pharmaceutical Sciences. The ... Read More

Zoology: Exploring the Animal Kingdom as Academic Pursuit

Image On behalf of the International Journal of Pure and Applied Zoology, as Editor-in-Chief, it is my distinct honor and privilege to inform you that, it’s been ten long years we have started the Journal, now we are celebrating the 10th Anniversary and it is my great pleasure and honor to welcome you to the International Journal of Pure and Applied Zoology. The International Journal of Pure and Applied Zoology aims to... Read More

Advancing & Updating the Techniques in the Field of Biological Science

Image Journal of Biochemistry & Biotechnology is an open-access journal dedicating the research in the area of biochemistry & biotechnology. The journal is committing to the new developments in methodology and techniques which are important resources for the research community. Our journal mainly focuses on updating and advancing biological science through our high-quality articles which include original research, systematic reviews, meta-analyses, and... Read More

Journal of Industrial and Environmental Chemistry is grateful to its prominent scholars for the support in journey of 2 years of the journal

Image The Journal of Industrial and Environmental Chemistry existed for the last 2 years in the field of occupational health for publishing and research. We welcome all scholars to contribute their research findings as article to this journal. The journal is dedicated to serve readers the complete perception of the author towards his area of research inte... Read More