Pharmacognostical Screening and Phytochemical Evaluation of Albizia lebbeck Benth. Heartwood


Pharmacognostical Screening and Phytochemical Evaluation of Albizia lebbeck Benth. Heartwood

Albizia lebbeck benth, known as Shirisha in Ayurveda is an important medicinal plant belonging to the family Fabaceae (Formerly Leguminosae) and a member of subfamily Mimosaceae. The plant is useful in many disease conditions and is known for its anti-inflammatory, anti-histaminic, anti-anaphylactic, anti-asthmatic and anti-microbial etc. activities. The pharmacognostical study of flower, leaf, and stem bark of this plant are reported but heartwood is not available in any of the works including API (Ayurvedic Pharmacopoeia of India). Considering this an attempt has been made for first time to evaluate correct and easy identification and authentication of drug. The present study deals with morphology, macro and microscopic studies, preliminary physico-chemical and phytochemical analysis of heartwood of Shirisha.

Albizia lebbeck benth. is commonly known as Shirisha in Sanskrit, is found throughout India, ranging from Himalayas to Andmans. Bark is dark brown to greenish black, rough, with longitudinal and transverse fissures on outer surface; inner surface whitish with fine longitudinal stations. The sapwood is white or yellowish white and the heartwood is dark brown, streaked with dark and white shades. Leaves are bipinnate with 8-18 leaflets.

Pharmacognostical and physicochemical evaluation the heartwood provided specific parameters that will be helpful in proper identification and standardization of the observations can be considered for further researchers.

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Annie Grace Sarah

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Asian Journal of Biomedical and Pharmaceutical Sciences