Ocular Oncology comes under the scope of journal
Journal of Clinical Oncology and Cancer Research is the trending research interest of present time and the very same is flourishing as the budding journal from the house of Allied Academics. This open access journal covers a vast area of cancer pathobiology and showing promising contribution in the knowledge base of cancer research.
Ocular Oncology is a branch of medicine deals with tumors relating to the eyes and its adnexa. Ocular Oncology takes into consideration that the primary requirement of life by removal of the tumor, along with best efforts directed at preservation of useful vision , followed by cosmetic appearance.
The most common cancer that spreads to the eyes from another organ are breast cancer and lung cancer. Other less common sites of origin include the prostate, kidney, thyroid, skin, colon and blood or bone marrow.
The most common eyelid tumor is called basal cell carcinoma. This tumor can grow around the eye but rarely spreads to other parts of the body. Other types of common eyelid cancers include squamous carcinoma, sebaceous carcinoma and malignant melanoma. The most common orbital malignancy is orbital lymphoma. This tumor can be diagnosed by biopsy with histopathologic and immunohistochemical analysis. Most patients with orbital lymphoma can be offered chemotherapy or radiation therapy.
Signs and Symptoms
Melanomas (choroidal, ciliary body and uveal) - In the early stages there may be no symptoms (the person does not know there is a tumor until an ophthalmologist or optometrist looks into the eye with an ophthalmoscope during a routine test). As the tumor grows, symptoms can be blurred vision, decreased vision, double vision, eventual vision loss and if they continue to grow the tumor can break past the retina causing retinal detachment. Sometimes the tumor can be visible through the pupil.
A nevus is a benign, freckle in the eye. These should be checked out and regular checks on the eye done to ensure it has not turned into a melanoma.
Iris and conjuctival tumors (melanomas) - Present as a dark spot. Any spot which continues to grow on the iris and the conjunctiva should be checked out.
Journal of Clinical Oncology and Cancer Research,