Nutrition and oral health
- A bidirectional relationship exists between oral health and diet and nutrition. Diet and nutrition affect the health of the tissues in the mouth; and the health of the mouth affects nutrients consumed.
- The consumption of sugars has been associated with an increased risk of developing dental caries.
- The complex nature of periodontal disease makes it difficult to determine its relationship with diet and nutrition.
- Frequent consumption of acidic food and beverages is associated with an increased risk of erosive tooth wear.
Diet and nutrition are significant influencers of oral health, and can affect the development and progression of oral diseases and conditions such as caries, periodontal disease, erosion, and others. While nutrition can be defined as the micronutrients (vitamins and minerals) and macronutrients (carbohydrates, protein, and fat) as they relate to the body’s dietary needs, diet refers to the specific foods consumed. The relationship that diet and nutrition have with oral health is bidirectional, as compromised integrity of the oral cavity can also influence an individual’s functional ability to eat.
A variety of dietary factors are hypothesized to influence the oral cavity, including macro- and micronutrients, vitamins, pH properties, as well as the behaviors associated with their consumption. Additionally, factors such as stage of development, specific medical conditions, and socioeconomic status may indicate particular diet and nutritional considerations. Older patients, for example, may experience tooth loss, reduced masticatory ability, and decreased appetite, which may, in turn, influence their nutritional status. A systematic review examined the association between food intake and oral health in elderly found that tooth loss in the older population was associated with changes in food intake and nutritional deficiency.
The Journal publishes papers/articles of or related to nutrition, diet, nutrition disorders and metabolism. It is of immense pleasure to invite Researchers to this inaugural issue for “Insights in Nutrition & Metabolism”
The Journal Considers Editorial, letter, case reports, short communications, original and review articles from leading scientists and scholars around the world in all areas of food, nutrition, biochemistry, physiology, pathology and medicine.
The articles once published can be accessed freely.
Insights in Nutrition and Metabolism